Wesley K. Lew

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When surgical ligation of bleeding fails, or is not possible, surgeons rely on a number of hemostatic aids, including thrombin. This review discusses the history, pharmacology and clinical application of thrombin as a surgical hemostat. The initial thrombin was bovine in origin, but its use has been complicated by the formation of antibodies that cross(More)
PURPOSE Inhibition of the enzyme cyclooxygenase with celecoxib is cytotoxic in a variety of solid tumor cell lines. Previous work has shown that by charting circadian rhythms, it has been possible to find optimal times to deliver a dose of drug, such that it is most efficacious in killing cancer cells and least harmful to normal tissues. Therefore, we(More)
When surgical ligation of bleeding fails, or is not possible, surgeons rely on a number of hemostatic aids, including thrombin. This review discusses the history, pharmacology and clinical application of thrombin as a surgical hemostat. The initial thrombin was bovine in origin, but its use has been complicated by the formation of antibodies that(More)
We propose that one manifestation of altered sphingolipid metabolism within tumor cells may be a reduced sensitivity to anti-cancer therapies because of an inability to produce a sufficient apoptotic signal via sphingomyelin hydrolysis to ceramide. If so, then sphingomyelin administration could reverse this effect and increase a tumor's sensitivity to(More)
BACKGROUND During the recovery period after anticancer myelosuppressive therapy, hematopoietic progenitor cells become mitotically active in order to replenish the bone marrow compartment and remain hyperproliferative even after normalization of peripheral white blood cells and platelets. At this stage, the progenitors are more radiosensitive and(More)
OBJECTIVE Reports of fatality following carbon dioxide digital subtraction angiography (CO2-DSA) have raised concerns regarding its safety. This study reviews the safety of CO2-DSA. DESIGN Single-institution retrospective review. SETTING Tertiary care teaching hospital in Los Angeles, California. PATIENTS A total of 951 patients who underwent 1007(More)
Our purpose was to determine whether the administration of anti-oxidant vitamins could reduce dose-limiting toxicity from radio-immunotherapy (RAIT) and thereby allow higher escalation of RAIT doses. Lipophilic vitamins A and E were administered i.p. and hydrophilic vitamin C was administered i.m. for 14 days (3 days pre-RAIT through 11 days post-RAIT)(More)
OBJECTIVES Recombinant thrombin (rThrombin) is a potential hemostatic alternative to bovine and human plasma-derived thrombin. This report examines the clinical results for the vascular surgery subgroup of patients enrolled in a larger double-blind, randomized, multicenter trial, which evaluated the comparative safety and efficacy of rThrombin and bovine(More)
An example of localized amyloid deposition in the breast of an elderly woman is reported. Fine needle aspiration biopsy yielded clumps of amorphous material, which stained violet with the May-Grünwald-Giemsa technique. The amyloid appeared to be of the AA type on histochemical analysis. The lesion was clinically associated, probably coincidentally, with a(More)
The temporal variation in bone marrow proliferation has been used to help define the optimal time of day to dose with approximately 30 chemotherapeutic agents, so that treatment efficacy is maximised and toxicity is minimised. Since myelosuppression is also the dose-limiting toxicity for most forms of radioimmunotherapy, we hypothesised that time of day of(More)