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1 Pharmacological modulation of antigen-induced anaphylaxis in actively sensitized guinea-pigs with intravenously administered indomethacin (10 mg/kg), pyrilamine (2.0 mg/kg) and propranolol (0.1 mg/kg) resulted in a delayed onset, slowly developing bronchoconstriction indicative of a slow-reacting substance of anaphylaxis (SRS-A) response. 2 Measurements(More)
In isolated canine tracheal smooth muscle, repeated administrations of histamine result in a rapid reduction in contractile response to about 15% of the initial contraction (tachyphylaxis). Development of this tachyphylaxis is specific inasmuch as: 1) it does not develop to acetylcholine (10−6 M or 10−4 M), or serotonin (10−5 M); and 2) maximally developed(More)
Kappa opioid receptors and their endogenous neuropeptide ligand, dynorphin A, are densely localized in limbic and cortical areas comprising the brain reward system, and appear to play a key role in modulating stress and mood. Growing literature indicates that kappa receptor antagonists may be beneficial in the treatment of mood and addictive disorders.(More)
Platelet activating factor (PAF; 1-o-alkyl-2-0-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine-3-phosphocholine) a potential mediator of anaphylaxis, stimulates secretion of mucin by explants of trachea from four separate rodent species (guinea pig, rat, rabbit, ferret) in organ culture. Enhanced secretion is not a result of cell damage or release of histamine by cells(More)
Sonication of lysophosphatidylcholine (lysoPC; 20 mumol/mL) and cholesterol (chol) in aqueous medium produces lamellar structures over a wide range of concentrations. From 25 to 47 mol % cholesterol, electron microscopy (EM) after negative staining showed extended stacklike lamellae about 40 A thick. From 50 to 60 mol % chol, freeze-fracture EM showed(More)
The red tide toxin produced by Ptychodiscus brevis becomes airborne by the thrashing action of the surf and wind and induces cough, rhinorrhea, watery eyes, and sneezing in normal humans and wheezing in asthmatic patients. The mechanism of the contractile response induced by P. brevis toxin (PBTX) was investigated with isolated canine tracheal smooth(More)
Gossypol acetate pellets in concentrations ranging from 0.5, 1.0, 5.0, 10.0, to 20.0 mg were implanted in the testis of rats for a period up to 7 weeks. The implant was made in one testis only. In animals with a 10.0-mg implant, the germinal epithelium showed degenerative changes following the 7-week period, but spermatogonia and spermatocytes were(More)
Metabotropic glutamate 2/3 (mGlu2/3) receptors are of considerable interest owing to their role in modulating glutamate transmission via presynaptic, postsynaptic and glial mechanisms. As part of our ongoing efforts to identify novel ligands for these receptors, we have discovered(More)
Lipid classes from four species of mosses, Mnium cuspidatum, and Mnium medium from Minnesota, and Hylocomium splendens and Pleurozium schreberi from Alaska, were analyzed. The total lipids of all species contained 30-40% arachidonic and eicosapentaenoic acids. However, the lipids from the Alaskan mosses contained about 75% neutral lipids (triacylglycerols,(More)