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When a database is replicated at many sites, maintaining mutual consistency among the sites in the face of updates is a significant problem. This paper describes several randomized algorithms for distributing updates and driving the replicas toward consistency. The algorithms are very simple and require few guarantees from the underlying communication(More)
When an automatic defibrillator is implanted, it is essential to determine the efficacy of the defibrillating system accurately, while balancing the need to keep the number of fibrillation episodes to a minimum. Two methods have evolved to assess defibrillation efficacy: 1) the "defibrillation threshold," which requires few ventricular fibrillation(More)
Interstitial irradiation is a promising treatment for malignant glioma. Longer than expected survival periods following treatment of recurrent tumor have led to the use of brachytherapy as an adjuvant treatment. The impact of patient selection on survival data was studied among candidates for this therapy. Consecutive, conventionally treated adults with(More)
PURPOSE To help investigators decide if new therapies for glioma warrant definitive evaluation in randomized studies we have been developing a method for assessing the degree to which patient selection may have enhanced the results of uncontrolled treatment trials. In this study, we analyzed the impact of case selection on the survival of patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Intra-arterial chemotherapy with carmustine (BCNU) and interstitial radiation therapy with the use of stereotactically placed 125I sources are aggressive local therapies for malignant glioma. These therapies emerged in the 1980s and both appeared promising in phase II studies but yielded disappointing results in subsequent randomized controlled(More)
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