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To understand the biology and evolution of ruminants, the cattle genome was sequenced to about sevenfold coverage. The cattle genome contains a minimum of 22,000 genes, with a core set of 14,345 orthologs shared among seven mammalian species of which 1217 are absent or undetected in noneutherian (marsupial or monotreme) genomes. Cattle-specific evolutionary(More)
BACKGROUND The extent of linkage disequilibrium (LD) within a population determines the number of markers that will be required for successful association mapping and marker-assisted selection. Most studies on LD in cattle reported to date are based on microsatellite markers or small numbers of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) covering one or only a(More)
Sheep (Ovis aries) are a major source of meat, milk, and fiber in the form of wool and represent a distinct class of animals that have a specialized digestive organ, the rumen, that carries out the initial digestion of plant material. We have developed and analyzed a high-quality reference sheep genome and transcriptomes from 40 different tissues. We(More)
BACKGROUND Is it possible to construct an accurate and detailed subgene-level map of a genome using bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) end sequences, a sparse marker map, and the sequences of other genomes? RESULTS A sheep BAC library, CHORI-243, was constructed and the BAC end sequences were determined and mapped with high sensitivity and low(More)
BACKGROUND Detailed information regarding the number and organization of transfer RNA (tRNA) genes at the genome level is becoming readily available with the increase of DNA sequencing of whole genomes. However the identification of functional tRNA genes is challenging for species that have large numbers of repetitive elements containing tRNA derived(More)
MicroRNA (miRNA) and other types of small regulatory RNAs play a crucial role in the regulation of gene expression in eukaryotes. Several distinct classes of small regulatory RNAs have been discovered in recent years. To extend the repertoire of small regulatory RNAs characterized in chickens we used a deep sequencing approach developed by Solexa (now(More)
BACKGROUND The newly assembled Bos taurus genome sequence enables the linkage of bovine milk and lactation data with other mammalian genomes. RESULTS Using publicly available milk proteome data and mammary expressed sequence tags, 197 milk protein genes and over 6,000 mammary genes were identified in the bovine genome. Intersection of these genes with 238(More)
MOTIVATION Clusters of genes encoding proteins with related functions, or in the same regulatory network, often exhibit expression patterns that are correlated over a large number of conditions. Protein associations and gene regulatory networks can be modelled from expression data. We address the question of which of several normalization methods is optimal(More)
We present the application of large-scale multivariate mixed-model equations to the joint analysis of nine gene expression experiments in beef cattle muscle and fat tissues with a total of 147 hybridizations, and we explore 47 experimental conditions or treatments. Using a correlation-based method, we constructed a gene network for 822 genes. Modules of(More)
MOTIVATION There are many different gene expression technologies, including cDNA and oligo-based microarrays, SAGE and MPSS. For each organism of interest, coverage of the transcriptome and the genome will be different. We address the question of what level of coverage is required to exploit the sensitivity of the different technologies, and what is the(More)