Werner X. Schneider

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The spatial interaction of visual attention and saccadic eye movements was investigated in a dual-task paradigm that required a target-directed saccade in combination with a letter discrimination task. Subjects had to saccade to locations within horizontal letter strings left and right of a central fixation cross. The performance in discriminating between(More)
In a series of experiments, we examined the increase in saccade latency that is observed consistently when distractor stimuli are presented simultaneously with the saccade target at various nontarget locations. In the first experiment, targets and distractors were presented on the horizontal axis. We found that saccade latency was increased when distractors(More)
Displacement of a visual target during a saccadic eye movement is normally detected only at a high threshold, implying that high-quality information about target position is not stored in the nervous system across the saccade. We show that blanking the target for 50-300 msec after a saccade restores sensitivity to the displacement. With blanking, subjects(More)
We recently demonstrated that the perceived stability of a visual target that is displaced during a saccade critically depends on whether the target is present immediately when the saccade ends; blanking a target during and just after a saccade makes its intra-saccadic displacement more visible (Deubel et al. Vis Res 1996;36:985-996). Here, we investigate(More)
Why and how people perceive the visual world as continuous and stable, despite the gross changes of its retinal projection that occur with each saccade, is one of the classic problems in perception. In the present paper, we argue that an important factor of visual stability and transsaccadic perception is formed by the reafferent visual information, i.e.,(More)
The goal of this review is to introduce a theory of task-driven visual attention and working memory (TRAM). Based on a specific biased competition model, the 'theory of visual attention' (TVA) and its neural interpretation (NTVA), TRAM introduces the following assumption. First, selective visual processing over time is structured in competition episodes.(More)
The present study investigated the usability of whole and partial report of briefly displayed letter arrays as a diagnostic tool for the assessment of attentional functions. The tool is based on Bundesen's (1990, 1998, 2002; Bundesen et al., 2005) theory of visual attention (TVA), which assumes four separable attentional components: processing speed,(More)
To decide “Where to look next ?” is a central function of the attention system of humans, animals and robots. Control of attention depends on three factors, that is, low-level static and dynamic visual features of the environment (bottom-up), medium-level visual features of proto-objects and the task (top-down). We present a novel integrated computational(More)
In four experiments, participants made a speeded manual response to a tone and concurrently selected a cued visual target from a masked display for later unspeeded report. In contrast to a previous study of H. Pashler (1991), systematic interactions between the two tasks were obtained. First, accuracy in both tasks decreased with decreasing stimulus(More)
Three experiments investigated whether spatial and nonspatial components of visual attention would be influenced by changes in (healthy, young) subjects' level of alertness and whether such effects on separable components would occur independently of each other. The experiments used a no-cue/alerting-cue design with varying cue-target stimulus onset(More)