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The normal post-natal development of visual cortical functions was studied by recording extracellularly from 612 single neurones in the striate and parastriate cortex of anaesthetized and paralysed kittens, ranging in age from 6 to 24 days. Analyses have been made of laminar differences in the developmental trends of receptive field properties such as(More)
Properties of gain adaptivity in the saccadic system were studied. Subjects had to track a target which moved in single or double steps. The first target step which elicited the primary saccade had an amplitude in the range of 8-16 deg. The primary saccade triggered a further target displacement of 4 deg either in the same or--in different experimental(More)
Precise detection of discrete motor events like the onsets of voluntary muscle contractions is a prerequisite for various psychophysiological approaches in sensorimotor system analysis. In biomedical research and clinical diagnosis, motor events frequently are determined from surface electromyographic (SEMG) signals by some computerized detection algorithm.(More)
Augmentation of motor evoked potentials (MEPs) by muscle vibration (MV) was studied in 10 healthy subjects with regard to the vibration frequency (VF). The extensor carpi radialis muscle (ECR) was vibrated using VFs of 80, 120, and 160 Hz. Motor evoked potentials following transcranial magnetic stimulation were recorded simultaneously from the vibrated ECR(More)
OBJECTIVE We evaluated the impact of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing and counseling on self-reported condom and spermicide use and on corresponding HIV seroconversion and gonorrhea rates in urban Rwandan women. DESIGN Prospective cohort study with 2 years of follow-up, comparison of outcome variables before and after an intervention, and condom(More)
Saccadic latencies measured in response to a step-wise displacement of the target may be substantially reduced if a gap separates the offset of the initial fixation point and the onset of the peripheral target. According to Fischer and Ramsperger (1984) this paradigm provokes a bimodal latency distribution which consists of a peak of very fast saccadic(More)
CONTEXT A recent outbreak of syphilis among users of an Internet chat room challenged traditional methods of partner notification and community education because locating information on sexual partners was limited to screen names and privacy concerns precluded identifying sexual partners through the Internet service provider. OBJECTIVES To determine the(More)
Macro-EMG potentials (MEP)s and twitch contractions (spike-triggered-averaging) of single motor units (MUs) have been recorded in the first dorsal interosseus muscle (FDI) of 10 control subjects and 20 patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). MUs over the full range of voluntary recruitment thresholds were studied. Patients with slightly affected(More)
Paired motor unit discharges (PDs), i.e., two discharges of the same motor unit (MU) with short interval, and their relation to tremor amplitude were studied in the first dorsal interosseous muscle (FDI) of patients with parkinsonian or essential tremor and in normal subjects mimicking tremor. In both pathological and voluntary tremor, interdischarge(More)