Werner Stauffacher

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The relationship between the dose of intravenously administered streptozotocin (a N-nitroso derivative of glucosamine) and the diabetogenic response has been explored by use of the following indices of diabetogenic action: serum glucose, urine volume, and glycosuria, ketonuria, serum immunoreactive insulin (IRI), and pancreatic IRI content. Diabetogenic(More)
The metabolic effects of recombinant human insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) were assessed in five groups of normal male overnight-fasted volunteers receiving infusions of either 0, 5, 7.5, 15, or 30 micrograms/kg.h IGF-I during 8 h, resulting in total plasma IGF-I concentrations 127 +/- 7, 247 +/- 30, 389 +/- 39, 573 +/- 62, 620 +/- 105 ng/ml,(More)
The features of a single-compartment model of total ketone bodies were evaluated using primed constant infusions of [3-14C]acetoacetate (AcAc) and of D-[3-14C]beta-hydroxybutyrate (beta OHB) in 12 postabsorptive subjects. The volume of distribution (VD) of AcAc was 0.18 +/- 0.01 liter/kg (n = 9), and that of beta OHB was similar, 0.18 +/- 0.02 liter/kg (n =(More)
Spiny mice (Acomys) are a group of small rodents indigenous to the Eastern Mediterranean and Africa. The Acomys Cahirinus strain reported on here is indigenous to Israel. The strain is characterized by striking and congenital hyperplasia of the islets of Langerhans, primarily of the beta cells. The endocrine tissue contributes up to 15 per cent of the(More)
Glomeruli and tubules of the kidney of normoglycemic and diabetic spiny mice were studied with the electron microscope. Progressive thickening of the basement membranes of glomerular capillaries with a concomitant increase in the deposition of basement-membrane-like mesangial matrix occurred with age. Focal hemispherical thickenings of the basement membrane(More)
An in vitro system for perifusion of rat pancreas has been used to investigate the effects of diazoxide on glucose-induced insulin release. Administration of diazoxide with a stimulating concentration of glucose produced a dose-dependent suppression of insulin release. This effect was partly reversed by phentolamine. In the presence of nonstimulatory(More)
Elevation of plasma norepinephrine concentrations to stress levels (1,800 pg/ml) resulted in normal subjects in a significant increase in ketone body production by 155% (determined by use of [14C]acetoacetate infusions), in a decrease of the metabolic clearance rate by 38%, hyperketonemia, and in increased plasma free fatty acid (FFA) levels by 57% after 75(More)