Werner Stach

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The morphological classification of the different neuronal cell types is generally accepted and expanded by us; nevertheless, immunohistochemically and electrophysiologically the existence of clear-cut categories of enteric neurons is frequently questioned. The immunohistochemical results demonstrated in this study, however, provide the first direct link(More)
The stomach, small and large intestine of fetuses at term, of unfed newborns, of suckling, weaning and of adult rats were studied by a combined light (LM) and electron microscope (EM) examination. Neuron-specific enolase was used as a neuronal marker under LM. Zinc-iodide-osmium (ZIO) impregnation was used for a selective staining of neurons and(More)
The presence and topographical distribution of nitrergic neurons in the enteric nervous system (ENS) of the pig small intestine have been investigated by means of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) immunocytochemistry and nicotinamide dinucleotide phosphate diaphorase (NADPHd) histochemistry. Both techniques yielded similar results, thus confirming that within the(More)
Ultrastructural differences between ganglia of the plexus submucosus internus (Meissner; PSI) and plexus submucosus externus (Schabadasch; PSE) are described. Comparison revealed a different glia index (ratio glia per neuron) between the PSE (3:1) and the PSI (1:1), the arrangement of PSI neurons in compartments and the appearance of broad(More)
BACKGROUND Data on structural variations in the neuronal composition of myenteric ganglia along the small intestine of various species are scarcely available. The aim of this study was to compare morphologically the ganglia and neurons of different parts of this organ in the pig. METHODS Wholemounts from jejunum and ileum of two 14-week-old pigs were(More)
The distribution of adrenergic fibres in the ganglionated plexuses of the porcine small intestine has been made on air-dried stretch preparations using the glyoxylic acid fluorescence method. Adrenergic fluorescent fibres occur in the ganglia and internodal strands of the three fundamental ganglionated plexuses: the myenteric plexus (Auerbach) and the two(More)
In the small intestine of the pig, neuromedin U (NMU)-immunoreactivity was mainly confined to the nerve plexus of the inner submucosal and mucosal regions. After colchicine treatment, a high number of immunoreactive nerve cell bodies was observed in the plexus submucosus internus (Meissner), whereas only a low number was found in the plexus submucosus(More)
This short review reports the latest insights into the structural organization of the enteric nervous system, with special emphasis on the intrinsic innervation of the intestinal tract of large omnivorous mammals such as the pig. Using various techniques, including lesion experiments, morphological and neurochemical features of distinct neuronal populations(More)
 Sequential nitric oxide synthase immunohistochemistry and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate diaphorase (NADPHd) histochemistry in pig small intestinal wholemounts revealed a complete colocalisation of the two nitrergic markers in submucous neurons. The external submucous plexus (ESP) contained nitrergic neurons throughout. In the internal(More)
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)-containing perikarya and axonal processes were localized by preembedding electron-microscopic immunocytochemistry in the porcine small intestine. Immunoreactive well-defined type II neurons were localized in the plexus myentericus, and plexus submucosus externus and internus. In some cases, they were found in direct(More)