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Inhibition of DNA synthesis prevents mitotic entry through the action of the S-phase checkpoint. We have isolated S-phase arrest-defective (sad) mutants that show lethality in the presence of the DNA synthesis inhibitor hydroxyurea (HU). Several of these mutants show phenotypes consistent with inappropriate mitotic entry in the presence of unreplicated DNA,(More)
We have constructed a strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae with a deletion of the YKL510 open reading frame, which was initially identified in chromosome XI as a homolog of the RAD2 nucleotide excision repair gene (A. Jacquier, P. Legrain, and B. Dujon, Yeast 8:121-132, 1992). The mutant strain exhibits increased sensitivity to UV light and to the alkylating(More)
In mammalian cells, all subunits of the DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK) have been implicated in the repair of DNA double-strand breaks and in V(D)J recombination. In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, we have examined the phenotype conferred by a deletion of HDF1, the putative homologue of the 70-kD subunit of the DNA-end binding Ku complex of(More)
Exposure of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae to ultraviolet (UV) light, the UV-mimetic chemical 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide (4NQO), or gamma radiation after release from G1 arrest induced by alpha factor results in delayed resumption of the cell cycle. As is the case with G2 arrest following ionizing radiation damage [Weinert, T. A. & Hartwell, L. H. (1988)(More)
The delay of S-phase following treatment of yeast cells with DNA-damaging agents is an actively regulated response that requires functional RAD9 and RAD24 genes. An analysis of cell cycle arrest indicates the existence of (at least) two checkpoints for damaged DNA prior to S-phase; one at START (a G1 checkpoint characterized by pheromone sensitivity of(More)
RAD3 functions in DNA repair and transcription in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and particular rad3 alleles confer a mutator phenotype, possibly as a consequence of defective mismatch correction. We assessed the potential involvement of the Rad3 protein in mismatch correction by comparing heteroduplex repair in isogenic rad3-1 and wild-type strains. The rad3-1(More)
Mutants of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae defective in the RAD17 gene are sensitive to ultraviolet (UV) and gamma radiation and manifest a defect in G2 arrest following radiation treatment. We have cloned the RAD17 gene by complementation of the UV sensitivity of a rad17-1 mutant and identified an ORF of 1.2 kb encoding a predicted gene product of 45.4(More)
Regulation of the DNA damage-inducible RAD2 gene was investigated in yeast cells transformed with centromeric plasmids containing RAD2-lacZ fusion constructs. Deletion analysis defined several regions in the 350bp region upstream of the translational start codon which are required for induction of beta-galactosidase activity. No deletions resulted in(More)