Werner Schroeder

Learn More
Nitric oxide (NO) is a widespread, potent, biological mediator that has many physiological and pathophysiological roles. Research in the field of NO appears to have followed a straightforward path, and the findings have been progressive: NO and cyclic GMP are involved in vasodilatation; glycerol trinitrate relaxes vascular smooth muscles by bioconversion to(More)
We have previously shown that a brain protein kinase, termed PK40, catalyzes the multiple phosphorylation of the KSP-repeat site of neurofilaments (NFs) and also can transform tau proteins into the paired helical filament-like state as found in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains. Protein sequence analysis suggests that PK40 is a form of the extracellular(More)
The type III secretion system encoded by Salmonella pathogenicity island 2 (SPI2) is required for systemic infections and intracellular accumulation of Salmonella enterica. This system is induced by intracellular Salmonella and subsequently transfers effector proteins into the host cell. Growth conditions either inducing expression of the type III secretion(More)
BACKGROUND The most important receptor for nitric oxide is the soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC), a heme containing heterodimer. Recently, a pyrazolopyridine derivative BAY 41-2272, structurally related to YC-1, was identified stimulating soluble guanylate cyclase in an NO-independent manner, which results in vasodilatation and antiplatelet activity. The(More)
The femAB operon codes for two nearly identical approximately 50-kDa proteins involved in the formation of the staphylococcal pentaglycine interpeptide bridge. Sequencing and analysis of the femA region of mutants isolated by chemical mutagenesis and selection for lysostaphin resistance revealed point mutations leading to the expression of truncated FemA(More)
Helicases couple the hydrolysis of nucleoside triphosphates (NTPs) to the unwinding of double-stranded nucleic acids and are essential in DNA metabolism. Thus far, no inhibitors are known for helicases except heliquinomycin isolated from Streptomyces sp. As the three-dimensional structure of the hexameric replicative DNA helicase RepA encoded by the broad(More)
A repeat sequence 682 base pairs (bp) long produced by cleavage of human DNA with Xba I restriction enzyme is composed of four tandemly arranged subunits with lengths of 171, 170, 171, and 170 bp each. The sequence organization of the 682 bp Xba I repeat bears a striking resemblance to other complex satellite DNAs of primates, including the Eco RI human(More)
In this study, we analyze the regulation of the squamous-specific gene, cornifin alpha, by estrogen and retinoic acid in vaginal and uterine epithelial cells. In ovariectomized animals, the vaginal epithelium consists of a stratified, nonkeratinizing epithelium which changes into a highly-stratified, keratinizing epithelium upon treatment with estradiol.(More)
Here we show that a new class of antibiotics—acyldepsipeptides—has antibacterial activity against Gram-positive bacteria in vitro and in several rodent models of bacterial infection. The acyldepsipeptides are active against isolates that are resistant to antibiotics in clinical application, implying a new target, which we identify as ClpP, the core unit of(More)
  • 1