Werner Schmitz

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Sclerostin has been identified as a negative regulator of bone growth. Initially it was considered that Sclerostin performs its regulatory function via acting as a modulator of bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) similar to known examples such as Noggin, Chordin, and members of the DAN family. Recent findings, however, show that Sclerostin interferes with(More)
In the present study we have cloned and characterized a novel rat peroxisomal multifunctional enzyme (MFE) named perMFE-II. The purified 2-enoyl-CoA hydratase 2 with an M(r) of 31500 from rat liver [Malila, Siivari, Mäkelä, Jalonen, Latipää, Kunau and Hiltunen (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268, 21578-21585] was subjected to tryptic fragmentation and the resulting(More)
We report here on the identification and characterization of novel 2-enoyl thioester reductases of fatty acid metabolism, Etr1p from Candida tropicalis and its homolog Ybr026p (Mrf1'p) from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Overexpression of these proteins in S. cerevisiae led to the development of significantly enlarged mitochondria, whereas deletion of the S.(More)
The mitochondrial beta-oxidation system is one of the central metabolic pathways of energy metabolism in mammals. Enzyme defects in this pathway cause fatty acid oxidation disorders. To elucidate the role of 2,4-dienoyl-CoA reductase (DECR) as an auxiliary enzyme in the mitochondrial beta-oxidation of unsaturated fatty acids, we created a DECR-deficient(More)
Transforming growth factor (TGF)β superfamily members transduce signals by oligomerizing two classes of serine/threonine kinase receptors, termed type I and type II. In contrast to the large number of ligands only seven type I and five type II receptors have been identified in mammals, implicating a prominent promiscuity in ligand-receptor interaction.(More)
Structural and enzymological studies have shown the importance of Glu144 and Glu164 for the catalysis by 2-enoyl-CoA hydratase-1 (crotonase). Here we report about the enzymological properties of the Glu144Ala and Glu164Ala variants of rat mitochondrial 2-enoyl-CoA hydratase-1. Size-exclusion chromatography and CD spectroscopy showed that the wild-type(More)
A specific racemase for alpha-methylacyl-CoAs, which had previously been studied in rat liver [W. Schmitz, R. Fingerhut, E. Conzelmann (1994) Eur. J. Biochem. 222, 313-323], has now been demonstrated also in human tissues. The human enzyme cross-reacts with a polyclonal antiserum against the rat liver racemase. The racemase was purified from human liver(More)
The (R)- and (S)-isomers of alpha-methyl-branched fatty acids were shown to be rapidly interconverted as coenzyme A thioesters, by an alpha-methylacyl-CoA racemase. The enzyme was purified some 5600-fold from rat liver, to apparent homogeneity. It is a monomer of 45 kDa with an isolectric point of pH 6.1 and is optimally active between pH 6 and pH 7. It(More)
BAD is a proapoptotic member of the Bcl-2 protein family that is regulated by phosphorylation in response to survival factors. Although much attention has been devoted to the identification of phosphorylation sites in murine BAD, little data are available with respect to phosphorylation of human BAD protein. Using mass spectrometry, we identified here(More)
Alpha-methylacyl-CoA racemase (AMACR) is a peroxisomal and mitochondrial enzyme involved in the beta-oxidation of branched fatty acids, shown to be elevated in prostate cancer by several recent studies. Sequence variants of AMACR have been linked to prostate cancer risk. Although mRNA transcript, protein, and sequence variants of AMACR have been studied in(More)