Werner Schempp

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A human autosomal XY sex reversal locus, SRA1, associated with the skeletal malformation syndrome campomelic dysplasia (CMPD1), has been placed at distal 17q. The SOX9 gene, a positional candidate from the chromosomal location and expression pattern reported for mouse Sox9, was isolated and characterized. SOX9 encodes a putative transcription factor(More)
The evolutionary history of chromosomes can be tracked by the comparative hybridization of large panels of bacterial artificial chromosome clones. This approach has disclosed an unprecedented phenomenon: 'centromere repositioning', that is, the movement of the centromere along the chromosome without marker order variation. The occurrence of evolutionary new(More)
There are two main classes of natural killer (NK) cell receptors in mammals, the killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR) and the structurally unrelated killer cell lectin-like receptors (KLR). While KIR represent the most diverse group of NK receptors in all primates studied to date, including humans, apes, and Old and New World monkeys, KLR(More)
Silver staining is reported to be reduced in chromatin substituted by BUDR. This quenching effect allows for the demonstration of replication patterns and differential chromatid staining. Though the differentiation, as compared to other staining techniques, is of inferior quality, it is of theoretical importance concerning the effect of BUDR incorporation(More)
Many studies of human populations have used the male-specific region of the Y chromosome (MSY) as a marker, but MSY sequence variants have traditionally been subject to ascertainment bias. Also, dating of haplogroups has relied on Y-specific short tandem repeats (STRs), involving problems of mutation rate choice, and possible long-term mutation saturation.(More)
The human DAZ (deleted in azoospermia) gene family on the Y chromosome and an autosomal DAZ-like gene, DAZL1, encode RNA-binding proteins that are expressed exclusively in germ cells. Their role in spermatogenesis is supported by their homology with a Drosophila male infertility gene boule and sterility of Daz11 knock-out mice. While all mammals contain a(More)
The human Y chromosome is unique in that it does not engage in pairing and crossing over during meiosis for most of its length. Y chromosome microdeletions, a frequent finding in infertile men, thus occur through intrachromosomal recombination, either within a single chromatid or between sister chromatids. A recently identified polymorphism associated with(More)
Genes within the differential region of the human Y chromosome do not recombine, and therefore the determination of their location depends on physical mapping. Yeast artificial chromosome (YAC) contigs spanning the euchromatic region of the human Y have become a powerful tool for the generation of an overlapping clone map. With this approach,however,(More)
Using the technique of 'fibre-FISH' (fluorescence in situ hybridization), we describe the direct visualization of seven longer DAZ signal stretches and in addition a maximum of four isolated single DAZ signals on Y-chromatin fibres of four different individuals. These seven longer DAZ signal stretches may represent seven DAZ genes or pseudogenes, whereas(More)
In order to define the ability of comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) to detect and map genetic imbalances, we investigated 47 malignant ovarian tumors and 2 ovarian tumors of low malignant potential. The most common genetic changes in order of frequency included DNA gains of chromosome arms 8q (53%), 3q (51%), 20q (43%), 1p (32%), 19q (30%), 1q (28%),(More)