Werner Rautenberg

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Internal carotid artery dissection has increasingly been reported as a cause of transient ischemic attack or stroke. However, scarce data exist on the natural history of the arterial lesions and the temporal profile of recanalization. METHODS We followed 48 patients with 50 angiographically confirmed internal carotid artery(More)
Sarizotan exhibited high affinities only to serotonin 5-HT1A receptors and dopamine DA D4>D3>D2 receptors with the profile of a 5-HT1A agonist and DA antagonist demonstrated by the inhibition of cAMP-stimulation and guinea pig ileum contraction, decreased accumulation of the 5-HT precursor 5-hydroxytryptophan and increased levels of 5-HT metabolites,(More)
The natural history of asymptomatic extracranial arterial disease (EAD) was studied prospectively in 339 patients admitted for serial ultrasound Doppler examinations. Annual mortality was high at 7%, but stroke mortality was low at 0.6%: 82 patients (24%) died during the follow-up period, which lasted up to seven years (median: 29 months), only 10 from(More)
Forty-nine patients with ICA occlusion, who presented without any neurological signs or symptoms, were prospectively followed for an average of 31.2 months. Eight patients (16%) suffered a stroke during follow-up, of which five were within the vascular territory of the occluded artery--5 patients (10%) developed TIAs 4 of which were ipsilateral to the(More)
Three hundred twenty-four patients with reversed vertebral artery blood flow were reviewed for cerebrovascular events. Neither the presence nor the type of vertebral artery steal (permanent, n = 204; intermediate, n = 120) determined neurologic symptoms, which rather were related to coincidental carotid obstructions or abnormal flow velocity patterns in the(More)
A series of new analogues of N-[4-methoxy-3-(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)phenyl] 2'-methyl-4'-(5-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-3-yl)biphenyl-4-carboxamide (1; GR127935) as potent and selective 5-HT(1B/1D) antagonists were synthesized and evaluated pharmacologically. Their receptor binding profiles were comparable to that of 1. The 1,3,4-oxadiazole isomer 2 and the(More)
Ninety-four asymptomatic patients with internal carotid artery occlusion were followed for a mean of 44 months, 16% suffered strokes and 11.7% reported transient ischemic attacks (TIA). The annual stroke and TIA rates were 4.4% and 3.2%, respectively, the annual mortality was 11.3%. In 27 asymptomatic patients progression of extracranial arterial disease to(More)
1. The thermoregulatory responses of pigeons were tested by selective and combined cooling and heating of thermodes implanted chronically into the brain stem and vertebral canal. 2. Under thermoneutral conditions lowering the brain temperature to 36°C did not elicit shivering. Similar stimulations of the spinal cord evoked shivering in each case.(More)
We measured oxygen consumption (VO2), carbon dioxide production (VCO2), minute volume (VE), respiratory frequency (f) and tidal volume (VT) of chickens during 15 min treadmill exercise at 0.5 ms-1 and 0.8 ms-1 at thermoneutral (23 degrees C), low (9 degrees C) and high (34 degrees C) ambient temperature (Ta); the vertebral canal was cooled to 34 degrees C(More)
During a 6-year-period, in 45 patients the diagnosis of dolichoectatic intracranial arteries was established. Dolichoectasia of the vertebrobasilar system was the most frequent finding (n = 39). Twenty-two patients presented with brain stem ischaemia, and 10 patients had ischaemic hemispheric events. Six patients had symptoms due to compression of cranial(More)