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OBJECTIVE About 5 % of the pupils suffer from an injury in school sports every year. In addition to the kind of injury, the localization and the type of sport, the corresponding reasons for the injuries should be investigated to provide insights for physical education. METHODS In a prospective study 213 accident cases with 234 injuries during physical(More)
About 5% of all school children are seriously injured during physical education every year. Because of its influence on children's attitude toward sports and the economic aspects, an evaluation of causes and medical consequences is necessary. In this study, 213 school sports accidents were investigated. Besides diagnosis, the localization of injuries, as(More)
INTRODUCTION Inline skating is becoming more and more popular all over the world. This results in a rapid increase in sports injuries. The aim of our study was to analyse injury patterns and injury causes as well as the influence of the social status on possessing and using protective equipment. PATIENTS AND METHODS We recorded and evaluated 76 accidents(More)
PURPOSE Assessment of muscle recovery is essential for the daily fine-tuning of training load in competitive sports, but individual differences may limit the diagnostic accuracy of group-based reference ranges. We report an attempt to develop individualized reference ranges using a Bayesian approach comparable to that developed for the athlete biological(More)
Since 1970 there has been a slight reduction, since 1977 a marked one, in the number of admissions for peptic ulcer at the two medical and the surgical clinics of the University of Mainz. This trend was interrupted by a peak from 1975-77, due to an increase of overall admissions at that time, after vagotomy procedures had been started at the surgical(More)
Simple suture as standard treatment of perforated ulcer has been doubted because of high postoperative morbidity and reoperation-rate due to recurrent disease. Prospective studies showed that definitive surgery can decrease morbidity without increasing mortality. Selection is the important point. Patients with risk factors and perforation of acute ulcer(More)
The value of US in enlarging the spectrum of diagnostic examination has been recognized. This also true for surgery in elective as well as emergency and intraoperative situations. Problems with US may arise when used by surgeons who do not have time enough for qualified training in this field due to intensive operation schedules or in cases where a 24-h US(More)
In cooperation with the Sports Association of the Palatinate (SBP), a survey was conducted on substance use by recreational and amateur athletes. Distribution of the online questionnaire took place by means of chain-referral sampling, and questions on substance use were presented using the randomized response technique (RRT) to protect the anonymity of(More)
108 world class athletes (54 males, 54 females) practicing modern pentathlon had been interviewed about their individual training and competition efforts as well as their sports related injuries, damages and diseases in the last world cup season using a standardized empirical questionnaire. The mean training extent was about 25 hours per week, the mean(More)
In recent past, the connection between aspects of top level athletes' careers and success in top-level sport range was focussed by a sociological based theory of training in sports. Several studies showed, that simply structured connections between training in top level sports and success are far from being able to explain the emergence of success in sport(More)
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