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New rRNA-targeting oligonucleotide probes permitted the fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) identification of freshwater fungi in an Austrian second-order alpine stream. Based on computer-assisted comparative sequence analysis, nine taxon-specific probes were designed and evaluated by whole-fungus hybridizations. Oligonucleotide probe MY1574, specific(More)
Thirteen bacterial isolates from lake sediment, capable of degrading cyanobacterial hepatotoxins microcystins and nodularin, were characterized by phenotypic, genetic and genomic approaches. Cells of these isolates were Gram-negative, motile by means of a single polar flagellum, oxidase-positive, weakly catalase-positive and rod-shaped. According to(More)
It is recognized that microorganisms inhabiting natural sediments significantly mediate the erosive response of the bed ("ecosystem engineers") through the secretion of naturally adhesive organic material (EPS: extracellular polymeric substances). However, little is known about the individual engineering capability of the main biofilm components(More)
Broad consensus exists that whole-sediment exposure protocols represent the most realistic scenario to simulate in situ exposure conditions. So far, however, several endpoints including genotoxicity in vertebrate-based systems could be tested only after transfer of particle-bound substances into the aqueous phase. The present study was carried out to(More)
A DNA microarray platform for the characterization of bacterial communities in freshwater sediments based on a heterogeneous set of 70 16S rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes and directly labeled environmental RNA was developed and evaluated. Application of a simple protocol for the efficient background blocking of aminosilane-coated slides resulted in an(More)
The present study forms part of a weight-of-evidence framework including genotoxicological studies in the upper Danube River basin, which aim at elucidating the reasons for the decline in fish catch. The major focus of this paper is the assessment of genotoxicity of sediments from the Danube River basin by use of the comet assay with RTL-W1 cells and with(More)
Since rivers are typically subject to rapid changes in microbiological water quality, tools are needed to allow timely water quality assessment. A promising approach is the application of predictive models. In our study, we developed multiple linear regression (MLR) models in order to predict the abundance of the fecal indicator organisms Escherichia coli(More)
The secretion of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) by bacteria has been recognized as important across a wide range of scientific disciplines, but in natural sediments, EPS production by microalgae as a mechanism of sediment stabilization has received much more attention than bacterial products. In the present study, the stabilization potential of a(More)
The microbial communities of three different habitat types and from two sediment depths in the River Elbe were investigated by fluorescence in situ hybridization at various levels of complexity. Differences in the microbial community composition of free-flowing river water, water within the hyporheic interstitial and sediment-associated bacteria were(More)
A technique combining fluorescent in situ hybridization and lectin-binding-analysis (FISH-LBA) was developed and applied for the simultaneous detection of cellular components and glycoconjugates in lotic microbial aggregates (river snow). River snow aggregates were directly collected from the bulk water phase into coverslip chambers, in which the complete(More)