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PURPOSE Quantification of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) and volume (rCBV) with dynamic magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS After bolus administration of a paramagnetic contrast medium, rapid T2*-weighted gradient-echo images of two sections were acquired for the simultaneous creation of concentration-time curves in the(More)
Proton spin-lattice (T1) relaxation time images were computed from a data set of 32 gradient-echo images acquired with a fast TOMROP (T One by Multiple Read Out Pulses) sequence using a standard whole-body MR imager operating at 64 MHz. The data acquisition and analysis method which permits accurate pixel-by-pixel estimation of T1 relaxation times is(More)
A treatment planning system based on magnetic resonance (MR) angiographic imaging data for the radiosurgery of inoperable cerebral arteriovenous malformations is reported. MR angiography was performed using a three-dimensional (3D) velocity-compensated fast imaging with steady-state precession (FISP) sequence. Depending on the individual MR system,(More)
A dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI technique for whole breast examinations is presented. The fast kinetics of tissue response during and after constant-rate intravenous infusion of gadolinium diethylenetriaminopentaacetic acid was resolved using a strongly T1-weighted saturation recovery TurboFLASH sequence that makes it possible to acquire signal-time courses(More)
Rapid measurements of in vivo proton spin-lattice relaxation times (T1) in human tissues were performed by magnetic resonance imaging in a 1.5 T whole-body super-conducting MR scanner. The measurements employ serial TurboFLASH imaging (Snapshot-FLASH) with scan times for a single experiment below 4 s. Using centric phase encoding order, an appropriate(More)
With magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, accurate spatial information--critical for effective stereotaxy--demands a homogeneous static field and linear gradients. Inhomogeneities and nonlinearities induced by eddy currents during the pulse sequences distort the images and produce spurious displacements of the stereotactic coordinates in both the x-y plane and(More)
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is usually based on acquisition of alternating series of images under rest and an activation task (stimulus). Brain activation maps can be generated from fMRI data sets by applying several mathematical methods. Two methods of image postprocessing have been compared: (i) simple difference of mean values between(More)
The localization of critical structures within the brain is important for the planning of therapeutic strategies. Functional MRI is capable to assess functional response of cortical structures to certain stimuli. The authors present two techniques for functional MRI (fMRI) in a stereotactic set-up. The skull of the patients has been immobilized for(More)
Fast magnetic resonance imaging sequences are an excellent basis for the volumetry of the human brain. We present a concept for an automatic three-dimensional (3D) segmentation and volumetry which provides rapid image processing along with minimal requirements of manual interaction on low-end hardware platforms. The concept is based on standard image(More)
A new, one-dimensional method for the measurement of pulsewave velocities using real-time magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is presented. The measurement sequence is essentially of a RACE-type (Real Time Acquisition and Evaluation) with interleaved acquisition in two not necessarily parallel slices. In each slice the blood flow velocity perpendicular to the(More)