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Several environmental chemicals are known to have estrogenic activity by interacting with development and functions of endocrine systems in nearly all classes of vertebrates. In order to get a better insight of potential estrogenic effects on amphibians caused by environmental pollution this study aims to develop a model for investigating endocrine(More)
To evaluate possible estrogenic effects of bisphenol A (BPA) in an amphibian model, Xenopus laevis tadpoles were exposed to BPA and 17beta-estradiol (E2) during larval development. After metamorphosis, the gonadal phenotype was determined by gross morphology, and testes were further examined histologically to validate the results. BPA treatment altered the(More)
Previous investigations have shown that bisphenol A (BPA) induces a superfeminization syndrome in the freshwater snail Marisa cornuarietis at concentrations as low as 1 microg/L. Superfemales are characterized by the formation of additional female organs, enlarged accessory sex glands, gross malformations of the pallial oviduct, and a stimulation of egg and(More)
Many chemicals released into the environment without toxicological risks have the capacities to disrupt the function of endocrine systems. These endocrine disruptors disturb normal endocrine mechanisms and have been observed in nearly all classes of vertebrates. The aim of this research is to develop a comprehensive model to study endocrine disruption using(More)
The ciliate Ichthyophthirius multifiliis is among the most pathogenic parasites of fish maintained in captivity. In the present study, the effects of the crude methanolic extract of leaves of Mucuna pruriens and the petroleum-ether extract of seeds of Carica papaya against I. multifiliis were investigated under in vivo and in vitro conditions. Goldfish(More)
Uncoupling proteins (UCPs) increase proton leakage across the inner mitochondrial membrane. Thereby, UCP1 in brown adipose tissue dissipates proton motive force as heat. This mechanism of nonshivering thermogenesis is considered as a monophyletic trait of endothermic placental mammals that emerged about 140 million years ago and provided a crucial advantage(More)
This review provides a critical analysis of the biological effects of the most widely used plasticizers, including dibutyl phthalate, diethylhexyl phthalate, dimethyl phthalate, butyl benzyl phthalate and bisphenol A (BPA), on wildlife, with a focus on annelids (both aquatic and terrestrial), molluscs, crustaceans, insects, fish and amphibians. Moreover,(More)
Debate and controversy exists concerning the potential for the herbicide atrazine to cause gonadal malformations in developing Xenopus laevis. Following review of the existing literature the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency required a rigorous investigation conducted under standardized procedures. X. laevis tadpoles were exposed to atrazine at(More)
Among external factors, temperature is known to exhibit a prominent role in reproduction of temperate fish species. Here, temperature related induction of puberty in pikeperch Sander lucioperca was investigated. For the first time the key factors of the pikeperch brain-pituitary-gonad axis, targeting the mRNA expression of the luteinising hormone (LH) and(More)
127 Monograph It has been shown that several xenobiotics in the environment are capable of inducing adverse effects in invertebrates and vertebrates, including humans, by interfering with the normal endocrine function of the organism (Colborn et al. 1993). Most studies have focused on endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) that act as agonists at the(More)