Werner J.H. Koopman

Learn More
It is believed that specific patterns of changes in the cytosolic-free calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) are used to control cellular processes such as gene transcription, cell proliferation, differentiation, and secretion. We recently showed that the Ca2+ oscillations in the neuroendocrine melanotrope cells of Xenopus laevis are built up by a number of(More)
Melanotrope cells of Xenopus laevis display intracellular calcium oscillations which are generated at the plasma membrane and travel as a wave through the cytoplasm into the nucleus. An oscillation involves discrete increases in intracellular Ca2+ ('steps'), followed by a relatively smooth return to the basal Ca2+ level. The aim of our investigation was to(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by selective death of motor neurons. Mutations in Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD1) cause familial ALS but the molecular mechanisms whereby these mutations induce motor neuron death remain controversial. Here, we show that stable overexpression of mutant human SOD1 (G37R) -(More)
An important aspect of Ca(2+) signaling is the ability of cells to generate intracellular Ca(2+) waves. In this study we have analyzed the cellular and subcellular kinetics of Ca(2+) waves in a neuroendocrine transducer cell, the melanotrope of Xenopus laevis, using the ratiometric Ca(2+) probe indo-1 and video-rate UV confocal laser-scanning microscopy.(More)
The neuroendocrine melanotrope cell displays Ca2+ oscillations that are build up by several discrete Ca2+ rises ('steps'). Each step is linked to Ca2+-entry across the plasma membrane via voltage-operated calcium channels and associated with a fast Ca2+-wave travelling from the plasma membrane to the central parts of the cell. Previously, linescanning with(More)
The development of neurologic disease is a complex and multi-faceted process. Several factors, such as physiology, environment and genetics may play key roles in the manifestation of the associated illnesses. During the past decades, it has become clear that, at the cellular level, mitochondria function as more than "just" an energy source for our cells and(More)
Inhibitor studies with isolated mitochondria demonstrated that complex I (CI) and III (CIII) of the electron transport chain (ETC) can act as relevant sources of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS). Here we studied ROS generation and oxidative stress induction during chronic (24h) inhibition of CI and CIII using rotenone (ROT) and antimycin A (AA),(More)
The pituitary melanotrope cell of Xenopus laevis displays cytosolic Ca2+ oscillations that arise for the interplay between the burst-like openings of voltage-operated Ca2+ channels and Ca2+-extrusion mechanisms. We have previously shown that Ca2+-extrusion rates increase with increases in [Ca2+]i, suggesting that Ca2+ itself plays a role in shaping the Ca2+(More)
  • 1