Werner J. H. Koopman

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OBJECTIVE There are marked mitochondrial abnormalities in parkin-knock-out Drosophila and other model systems. The aim of our study was to determine mitochondrial function and morphology in parkin-mutant patients. We also investigated whether pharmacological rescue of impaired mitochondrial function may be possible in parkin-mutant human tissue. METHODS(More)
Virtually every mammalian cell contains mitochondria. These double-membrane organelles continuously change shape and position and contain the complete metabolic machinery for the oxidative conversion of pyruvate, fatty acids, and amino acids into ATP. Mitochondria are crucially involved in cellular Ca2+ and redox homeostasis and apoptosis induction.(More)
Mitochondria are essential for cellular bioenergetics by way of energy production in the form of ATP through the process of oxidative phosphorylation. This crucial task is executed by five multi-protein complexes of which mitochondrial NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase or complex I is the largest and most complicated one. During recent years, mutations in(More)
Biogenesis of human mitochondrial complex I (CI) requires the coordinated assembly of 45 subunits derived from both the mitochondrial and nuclear genome. The presence of CI subcomplexes in CI-deficient cells suggests that assembly occurs in distinct steps. However, discriminating between products of assembly or instability is problematic. Using an inducible(More)
Deficiency of NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase or complex I (CI) is the most common cause of disorders of the oxidative phosphorylation system in humans. Using life cell imaging and blue-native electrophoresis we quantitatively compared superoxide production and CI amount and activity in cultured skin fibroblasts of 7 healthy control subjects and 21 children(More)
Hydrogenosomes are organelles that produce ATP and hydrogen, and are found in various unrelated eukaryotes, such as anaerobic flagellates, chytridiomycete fungi and ciliates. Although all of these organelles generate hydrogen, the hydrogenosomes from these organisms are structurally and metabolically quite different, just like mitochondria where large(More)
Ecsit is a cytosolic adaptor protein essential for inflammatory response and embryonic development via the Toll-like and BMP (bone morphogenetic protein) signal transduction pathways, respectively. Here, we demonstrate a mitochondrial function for Ecsit (an evolutionary conserved signaling intermediate in Toll pathways) in the assembly of mitochondrial(More)
NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase or complex I is a large multisubunit assembly of the mitochondrial inner membrane that channels high-energy electrons from metabolic NADH into the electron transport chain (ETC). Its dysfunction is associated with a range of progressive neurological disorders, often characterized by a very early onset and short devastating(More)
From the Department of Biochemistry, Nijmegen Center for Molecular Life Sciences (W.J.H.K., P.H.G.M.W.), and the Department of Pediatrics, Nijmegen Center for Mitochondrial Disorders (J.A.M.S.) — both at Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands. Address reprint requests to Dr. Smeitink at Nijmegen Center for Mitochondrial Disorders,(More)
Marine sediments are frequently covered by mats of the filamentous Beggiatoa and other large nitrate-storing bacteria that oxidize hydrogen sulfide using either oxygen or nitrate, which they store in intracellular vacuoles. Despite their conspicuous metabolic properties and their biogeochemical importance, little is known about their genetic repertoire(More)