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Group III metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) are thought to modulate neurotoxicity of excitatory amino acids, via mechanisms of presynaptic inhibition, such as regulation of neurotransmitter release. Here, we describe (R,S)-4-phosphonophenylglycine (PPG) as a novel, potent, and selective agonist for group III mGluRs. In recombinant cell lines(More)
Group-III metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR4, -6, -7, and -8) modulate neurotoxicity of excitatory amino acids and beta-amyloid-peptide (betaAP), as well as epileptic convulsions, most likely via presynaptic inhibition of glutamatergic neurotransmission. Due to the lack of subtype-selective ligands for group-III receptors, we previously utilized(More)
Activation of group III metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR4, mGluR6, mGluR7, and mGluR8) has been established to be neuroprotective in vitro and in vivo. To disclose the identity of the receptor subtype(s) that exert(s) the protective effect, we have used group III agonists in combination with mGluR4 subtype-deficient mice (-/-). In cortical cultures(More)
Racemic CPCCOEt ((1aRS,7aRS)-2-hydroxyimino-1a, 2-dihydro-1H-7-oxacyclopropa[b]naphthalene-7a-carboxylic acid ethyl ester, (+/-)-1) derivatives have been shown to be subtype-selective metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) 1 receptor antagonists (Annoura et al. Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 1996, 6, 763-766). The optical isomers of (+/-)-1 have been separated by(More)
We have investigated the mechanism of inhibition of the new group I mGluR antagonists CPCCOEt and MPEP and determined that both compounds have a non-competitive mode of inhibition. Furthermore using chimeric/mutated receptors constructs we have found that these antagonists act at a novel pharmacological site located in the trans-membrane (TM). Specific(More)
A new synthesis of (R,S)-PPG (4-phosphonophenylglycine) and the separation of the protected enantiomers leading after deprotection to (+)- and (-)-PPG are described. Pharmacological characterization at the group III metabotropic glutamate receptors hmGluR4a and hmGluR7b revealed (+)-PPG as the active enantiomer.
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