Werner Hoffmann

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TFF-peptides (i.e. TFF1, TFF2, TFF3; formerly P-domain peptides, trefoil factors) have been established as secretory products typical of the gastrointestinal tract. Their synthesis has recently been recognized in a number of mucin-producing epithelial cells, for example, of the respiratory tract, the salivary glands, the uterus and of the conjunctiva. They(More)
Trefoil factor family (TFF)-domain peptides (formerly P-domain peptides, trefoil factors) represent major mucin-associated peptides of the gastrointestinal tract. Here, the first localization studies on TFF3 in the lower respiratory tract of human material are presented. Immunohistochemistry revealed significant accumulation of TFF3 to mucous cells in the(More)
TFF-peptides (formerly P domain peptides, trefoil factors) are typical secretory products of many mucous epithelial cells. TFF3 is also synthesized in the hypothalamus and has anxiolytic or anxiogenic activities when injected into the rat amygdala. Here we show by immunohistochemistry that TFF3 is localized to a distinct population of neurons of the human(More)
TFF-peptides (formerly P-domain peptides, trefoil factors) represent major secretory products of the mammalian gastrointestinal tract. A molecular cloning approach revealed the existence of two TFF-peptides, xP1 and xP4, also in the stomach of Xenopus laevis. Here, the localization of these two peptides by Western blot analysis as well as(More)
TFF-peptides (formerly P-domain peptides, trefoil factors) are typical secretory products of mucin-producing cells and are thought to influence the rheological properties of mucous gels. Here, the localization of these peptides in the human uterus was investigated. An analysis of TFF-peptides mRNA by the polymerase chain reaction revealed TFF3 mainly in the(More)
Trefoil factor family (TFF) peptides, besides their prominent expression in mucous epithelia, are also synthesized in the central nervous system. Previously TFF1 expression was observed in mouse brain astrocytes, while oxytocinergic neurons of the hypothalamo-pituitary axis are recognized sites of TFF3 synthesis. Here, the expression of TFF1, TFF2, and TFF3(More)
The "TFF domain" is an ancient cysteine-rich shuffled module forming the basic unit for the family of secretory TFF peptides (formerly P-domain peptides and trefoil factors). It is also an integral component of mosaic proteins associated with mucous surfaces. Three mammalian TFF peptides are known (i.e., TFF1-TFF3); however, in Xenopus laevis the pattern is(More)
PURPOSE The objective of this study was to determine whether human conjunctival epithelium synthesizes TFF-peptides (formerly P-domain peptides, trefoil factors), a family of mucin-associated secretory peptides of the gastrointestinal tract. METHODS Expression of TFF-peptides in human conjunctiva was monitored by reverse transcription-polymerase chain(More)
A variety of peptides closely related to mammalian hormones and neurotransmitters are secreted from amphibian skin. Using cDNA clones of mRNA isolated from skin of Xenopus laevis, we have been searching for precursors of some of these constituents. Here we present the sequences of parts of cloned mRNAs which code for precursors of a novel peptide. In the(More)
PURPOSE Mucins are polymers that may reduce drag and enhance tear outflow. Mucin expression and distribution in human efferent tear ducts were tested in the physiological state, and potential differences in the expression pattern were investigated in the presence of primary acquired dacryostenosis (PANDO). METHODS Expression of mucins in human lacrimal(More)