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The structure of an Oct-1 POU domain-octamer DNA complex has been solved at 3.0 A resolution. The POU-specific domain contacts the 5' half of this site (ATGCAAAT), and as predicted from nuclear magnetic resonance studies, the structure, docking, and contacts are remarkably similar to those of the lambda and 434 repressors. The POU homeodomain contacts the(More)
The ubiquitous Oct-1 and lymphoid Oct-2 POU homeodomain transcription factors bind to the same DNA sequence but differ in their activation potential. Oct-2 is a positive, negative, or neutral regulator of beta-globin transcription depending on the position and sequence of multimerized binding sites. To activate transcription, Oct-2 relies on two(More)
Human HCF-1 is a large, highly conserved, and abundant nuclear protein that plays an important but unknown role in cell proliferation. It also plays a role in activation of herpes simplex virus immediate-early gene transcription by the viral regulatory protein VP16. A single proline-to-serine substitution in the HCF-1 VP16 interaction domain causes a(More)
The octamer motif ATGCAAAT is recognized indistinguishably by two mammalian transcription factors: one that is expressed ubiquitously and referred to here as Oct-1, and another, Oct-2, that is expressed in lymphoid cells. We report the cDNA cloning of the human oct-1 gene, which encodes Oct-1, by screening lambda gt11 recombinant phage in situ for octamer(More)
Upon lytic infection of permissive cells, the herpes simplex virus (HSV) transactivator protein VP16 associates with an accessory protein termed host cell factor (HCF). Binding to HCF activates VP16 for association with the octamer motif-binding protein Oct-1, to form a multiprotein-DNA complex responsible for activating transcription of the HSV immediate(More)
The promoter specificity of transcriptional activators is generally thought to be conferred by the specificity of the DNA-binding domain, which brings the activation domain to the appropriate promoter sequence. We show here, however, that Oct-1 and Oct-2 can differentially activate transcription not through DNA binding specificity but instead through the(More)
The temperature-sensitive BHK21 hamster cell line tsBN67 ceases to proliferate at the nonpermissive temperature after a lag of one to a few cell divisions, and the arrested cells display a gene expression pattern similar to that of serum-starved cells. The temperature-sensitive phenotype is reversible and results from a single missense mutation--proline to(More)
Upon infection of human cells, the herpes simplex virus protein VP16 associates with the endogenous cell-proliferation factor HCF. VP16 can also associate with HCFs from invertebrates, suggesting that VP16 mimics a cellular protein whose interaction with HCF has been conserved. Here, we show that VP16 mimics the human basic leucine-zipper protein LZIP,(More)