Werner Heimisch

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Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is known to induce systemic inflammation and cardiac dysfunction associated with a significant morbidity. Aim of the study was to develop an in vivo model of rat CPB with hypothermic cardiac arrest and the use of cardioplegia. The CPB circuit consisted of a venous reservoir, membrane oxygenator, heat exchanger, and roller pump.(More)
The calcium sensitizer levosimendan (LEV) improves the function of stunned myocardium, cardiac performance in heart failure, and possibly the efficiency of myocardial work. The present experiments investigated the effect of LEV on myocardial contraction and metabolism of acutely ischaemic myocardium distal to a functionally effective coronary artery(More)
In a canine model of the Mainz pouch, intracavitary pressure and compliance were measured during instillation of isosmotic and hyperosmotic (900 mmol/kg water) solutions of saline. Wall properties of small- and large-bowel segments of the pouch were assessed individually by sonomicrometry. Intraluminal pressures increased more steeply during filling with(More)
OBJECTIVE Biventricular bypass (BVB) with autologous lung perfusion is an attractive concept to ameliorate systemic inflammatory response by eliminating the oxygenator from the extracorporeal circulation. The effect of biventricular bypass as compared to heart-lung bypass (HLB) on pulmonary function parameters was therefore studied in an experimental model.(More)
Despite numerous improvement in cardiac surgery the results in mitral valve replacement are still not satisfactory, since impaired left ventricular function continues to be a problem during the postoperative course. In order to investigate the effect of mitral valve replacement on left ventricular function canine experiments were performed: During(More)
In an experimental study of 31 anesthetized dogs the importance of the mitral apparatus for the left ventricular function was investigated. During extracorporeal circulation bileaflet mitral valve prostheses were implanted preserving the mitral subvalvular apparatus. Flexible wires were slung around the chordae tendineae and exteriorized through the left(More)
After anatomical correction of transposition of the great arteries (TGA), the left ventricle (LV) is forced to develop systemic pressures without having had time for adaptation. Thus, one might expect dilatation of the LV at least in the very early intraoperative period following the operation. In nine patients with TGA aged 8-24 days (median 9.5 days)(More)
To study the significance of the subvalvular apparatus for left-ventricular performance in mitral valve replacement, a new experimental model was developed. In 21 dogs St. Jude prostheses were implanted in the mitral position preserving the chordae tendineae and the papillary muscles by plicating and fixing the mitral leaflets with the prosthesis on the(More)