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The dental follicle is an ectomesenchymal tissue surrounding the developing tooth germ. It is believed that this tissue contains stem cells and lineage committed progenitor cells or precursor cells (PCs) for cementoblasts, periodontal ligament cells, and osteoblasts. In this study, we report the isolation of PCs derived from dental follicle of human third(More)
The dental follicle is an ectomesenchymally derived connective tissue harboring precursor cells for the tooth supporting apparatus. In this study, we examined gene expression of freshly isolated human dental follicle cells during osteogenic differentiation in vitro. These plastic adherent fibroblastic cells express Notch-1, nestin and vimentin. We(More)
PURPOSE This study sought to determine whether there was a correlation between bone resorption and individual bone patterns in patients treated with implants restored conventionally or using the platform-switching concept. MATERIALS AND METHODS Ten patients (24 implants) were randomly assigned to receive implants with different platform diameters (3.8,(More)
Previous studies have indicated that human periodontal ligament cells undergo osteoblastic differentiation via the ERK pathway under mechanical stress in vitro. This study aimed to verify this principle in vivo. The right upper first molars of 25 anesthetized rats were loaded with constant forces of 0.1 N for up to 8 hrs. The untreated contralateral side(More)
BACKGROUND Whereas the antimicrobial peptides hBD-2 and -3 are related to inflammation, the constitutively expressed hBD-1 might function as 8p tumour suppressor gene and thus play a key role in control of transcription and induction of apoptosis in malignant epithelial tumours. Therefore this study was conducted to characterise proteins involved in cell(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of extracellular matrix components, such as collagen type I, fibronectin, and osteopontin (OPN) during cementum repair following experimentally induced tooth movement, and to characterize the cells taking part in the regenerative process. The upper right first molars were moved mesially in 21 three-month-old(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Orthodontic tooth movement is known to cause sterile inflammation of the periodontal ligament (PDL). It may also be accompanied by pathological effects of external apical root resorption, with interindividual differences in the incidence and extent of resorption. An involvement of autoimmunological mechanisms is currently under(More)
OBJECTIVE In this study, the role of the inflammatory cytokines interleukin-1 (IL-1) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) in the course of mechanically induced root resorption was investigated. METHODS Mechanical induction of root resorption was performed on the upper left first molars in 18 male Wistar rats according to the method of Nakane and(More)
The distribution of decorin and biglycan was investigated at the light and electron microscopical level in adult human articular cartilage. In general, the amount of decorin and biglycan was found to decrease with the depth of the layer of the cartilage. Decorin was found in the interterritorial matrix where most of the collagen is located. This fits in(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the material composition and cell-mediated remodelling of different calcium phosphate-based bone substitutes. Osteoclasts were cultivated on bone substitutes (Cerabone, Maxresorb, and NanoBone) for up to 5 days. Bafilomycin A1 addition served as the control. To determine cellular activity, the supernatant content of(More)