Werner Goebel

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Listeria monocytogenes is a food-borne pathogen with a high mortality rate that has also emerged as a paradigm for intracellular parasitism. We present and compare the genome sequences of L. monocytogenes (2,944,528 base pairs) and a nonpathogenic species, L. innocua (3,011,209 base pairs). We found a large number of predicted genes encoding surface and(More)
The gram-positive bacterium Listeria monocytogenes is the causative agent of listeriosis, a highly fatal opportunistic foodborne infection. Pregnant women, neonates, the elderly, and debilitated or immunocompromised patients in general are predominantly affected, although the disease can also develop in normal individuals. Clinical manifestations of(More)
The ability of Listeria monocytogenes to move within the cytosol of infected cells and their ability to infect adjacent cells is important in the development of infection foci leading to systemic disease. Interaction with the host cell microfilament system, particularly actin, appears to be the basis for propelling the bacteria through the host cell(More)
Escherichia coli K-12 harbours a chromosomal gene, clyA (sheA, hlyE), that encodes a haemolytic 34 kDa protein. Recombinant E. coli overexpressing the cloned clyA gene accumulated this haemolysin in the periplasm and released only very small amounts of it into the external medium. The secretion of ClyA was confined to the log phase and paralleled by the(More)
Fimbrial adhesins and hemolysins contribute to pathogenicity of extraintestinal Escherichia coli isolates causing urinary tract infections (UTI), sepsis and new born meningitis (NBM). Using gene cloning techniques and pulse field electrophoresis in combination with Southern hybridizations it was demonstrated that the genetic determinants coding for P and(More)
Spatiotemporal activity patterns in three-dimensionally organized cellular networks are fundamental to the function of the nervous system. Despite advances in functional imaging of cell populations, a method to resolve local network activity in three dimensions has been lacking. Here we introduce a three-dimensional (3D) line-scan technology for two-photon(More)
The major extracellular protein p60 of Listeria monocytogenes seems to be required for this microorganism's adherence to and invasion of 3T6 mouse fibroblasts but not for adherence to human epithelial Caco-2 cells. Western blot analysis with polyclonal antibodies against p60 of L. monocytogenes indicated the presence of cross-reacting proteins in the(More)
Multicellular glial calcium waves may locally regulate neural activity or brain energetics. Here, we report a diffusion-driven astrocytic signal in the normal, intact brain that spans many astrocytic processes in a confined volume without fully encompassing any one cell. By using 2-photon microscopy in rodent cerebellar cortex labeled with fluorescent(More)
New technologies such as high-throughput methods and 13C-isotopologue-profiling analysis are beginning to provide us with insight into the in vivo metabolism of microorganisms, especially in the host cell compartments that are colonized by intracellular bacterial pathogens. In this Review, we discuss the recent progress made in determining the major carbon(More)