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We present a model of the internal representation and reproduction of temporal durations, the 'dual klepsydra' model (DKM). Unlike most contemporary models operating on a 'pacemaker-counter' scheme, the DKM does not assume an oscillatory process as the internal time-base. It is based on irreversible, dissipative processes in inflow/outflow systems (leaky(More)
If we observe an ambiguous figure, our percept is unstable and alternates between the possible interpretations. Periodically interrupting the presentation sizably modulates the spontaneous reversal rate. We here studied event-related potential (ERP) correlates of the neural processes underlying these strong modulations. An ambiguous Necker stimulus was(More)
Ambiguous figures induce sudden transitions between rivaling percepts. We investigated electroencephalogram frequency modulations of accompanying change-related de- and rebinding processes. Presenting the stimuli discontinously, we synchronized perceptual reversals with stimulus onset, which served as a time reference for averaging. The resultant gain in(More)
Scoring rules assess the quality of probabilistic forecasts, by assigning a numerical score based on the predictive distribution and on the event or value that materializes. A scoring rule is proper if it encourages truthful reporting. It is local of order λ if the score depends on the predictive density only through its value and its derivatives of order(More)
Consider a compound Poisson process with jump measure ν supported by finitely many positive integers. We propose a method for estimating ν from a single, equidistantly sampled trajectory and develop associated statistical procedures. The problem is motivated by the question whether nerve cells in the brain exhibit higher-order interactions in their firing(More)
Measuring pairwise and higher-order spike correlations is crucial for studying their potential impact on neuronal information processing. In order to avoid misinterpretation of results, the tools used for data analysis need to be carefully calibrated with respect to their sensitivity and robustness. This, in turn, requires surrogate data with statistical(More)
Visual distortions of perceived lengths, angles, or forms, are generally known as “geometric–optical illusions” (GOI). In the present paper we focus on a class of GOIs where the distortion of a straight line segment (the “target” stimulus) is induced by an array of non-intersecting curvilinear elements (“context” stimulus). Assuming local target– context(More)
and thus be represented (for σ > 1 ) as a product of terms of the form exp(a(eibt − 1)), each of which is the characteristic function of a Poisson random variable with intensity a and values in the lattice kb, k = 0, 1, 2, . . . . Cf. Gnedenko and Kolmogorov [6, p. 75]. Faced with a family of “zeta distributions” indexed by parameter σ > 1 , one is led to(More)