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The role of nitric oxide (NO) in the human pancreas and in pancreatitis still remains controversial. Furthermore, conflicting conclusions have been reached by different laboratories about the localization of the NO-generating enzyme (NO synthase, NOS) in the pancreas. Here, we investigated the co-expression of NOS with enzymes involved in regulation of NO(More)
The introduction of global gene expression analysis in breast cancer research has focused attention onto a repeatedly described subgroup of invasive breast cancer, the basal-like carcinomas. This subgroup is characterised by the expression of high-molecular weight cytokeratins 5, 14 and 17; using immunohistochemical diagnosis, it represents approximately(More)
AIMS To improve the interpretation of immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining results the use of a tissue microarray technique was established in a routine setting. METHODS A tissue microarray was constructed by harvesting 600 microm tissue cores from paraffin wax embedded samples available in a routine pathology department. The punches originating from(More)
The current protocols for blocking background staining in immunohistochemistry are based on conflicting reports. Background staining is thought to occur as a result of either non-specific antibody (Ab) binding to endogenous Fc receptors (FcRs) or a combination of ionic and hydrophobic interactions. In this study, cell and tissue samples were processed(More)
We identified patterns of differentially-expressed genes in cell lines derived from several pediatric solid tumors. Affymetrix Human Cancer G110 Arrays, carrying 1,700 cancer-associated genes, were applied to a panel of 11 cell lines originating from Ewing tumors (ETs), neuroblastomas, and malignant melanoma of soft parts. Hierarchical clustering clearly(More)
Distinct parallel cytogenetic pathways in breast carcinogenesis could be identified in recent years. Nevertheless, it remained unclear as to which tumours may have progressed in grade or which patterns of cytogenetic alteration may define the switch from an in situ towards an invasive lesion. In order to gain more detailed insights into cytogenetic(More)
Chromosomal aberrations of 20 stage 4s neuroblastomas were analysed by comparative genomic hybridization (CGH). In a subset of 13/20 tumours, telomerase activity was evaluated by the telomeric repeat amplification protocol (TRAP). The CGH data were compared with the CGH results of ten stage 1 and 2 (stage 1/2) and 22 stage 3 and 4 (stage 3/4)(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, we were able to show that amplifications of the epidermal growth factor receptor (egfr) gene and the overexpression of EGFR were associated with the initiation and progression of phyllodes tumours. METHODS In order to gain further insights into regulation mechanisms associated with egfr amplifications and EGFR expression in phyllodes(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of Ewing's tumors (ETs) is lower in Asians or African-Americans than in Caucasians. PATIENTS AND METHODS Japanese ETs were available for analysis of chromosomal aberrations by comparative genomic hybridization (n = 16) and for expression of chimeric EWS transcripts by reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (n = 11). These(More)
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) and its receptors (ETAR and ETBR), referred to as the endothelin (ET) axis, are overexpressed in breast carcinomas and appear to influence tumour growth and progression. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of expression of the ET axis in breast carcinomas on response to cytotoxic chemotherapy. The study included 44(More)