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Interest has recently been shown in adapting the microwave oven heating technique for antigen retrieval to routine diagnostic immunocytochemical practice. Although it has proved effective as a specialist method for individual antigen localization in many laboratories, it has certain drawbacks which have hampered its wider routine application. These include(More)
A detailed immunohistochemical study has been carried out on 63 breast lesions with epitheliosis, ductal carcinoma in situ and clinging carcinoma (lobular cancerization), using antibodies directed against keratins 5/14 and 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, vimentin, smooth muscle actin, collagen IV and laminin. The results have shown that epitheliosis on the one hand and(More)
Two monoclonal antibodies, KA 1 and KA 4, raised against human epidermis, were biochemically and immunologically characterized and were shown to react with specific cytokeratin polypeptides. On frozen sections of human mammary gland, these antibodies distinguish between myoepithelial and luminal epithelial cells. We present evidence that in these cells KA 1(More)
The recently published second edition of the WHO classification of thyroid tumours describes the diffuse sclerosing papillary carcinoma (DSPC) as a specific variant of papillary thyroid cancer (PC). Besides several histological hallmarks, this rare tumour is characterized by its occurrence in young individuals and is thought to have a less favourable(More)
There is strong evidence that ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) represents a precursor lesion of invasive breast cancer. In order to analyse specific chromosomal alterations of DCIS, 38 paraffin-embedded specimens of DCIS and six associated invasive carcinomas were examined by means of comparative genomic hybridization (CGH). Losses of 16q material were seen(More)
AIMS This study was performed to determine the diagnostic value of keratin 5/6 (CK 5/6) immunophenotyping on routinely processed breast tissues. METHODS AND RESULTS Six hundred and ninety-nine breast lesions, including normal tissues as well as benign and malignant lesions in 321 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded samples from 158 different patients were(More)
Breast biology and pathology are currently shaped by the two-cell concept that recognizes only glandular and myoepithelial cells. In the present study, we have visualized a previously unidentified cell population within the epithelial compartment of the breast, which displays the phenotypic characteristics of a committed stem cell. Immunofluorescence double(More)
Vimentin expression is a rather rare finding in invasive breast cancer, and is associated with high tumour invasiveness and chemoresistance. It is currently explained by two different biological theories: direct histogenetic derivation from myoepithelial cells, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) reflecting the end-stage of breast cancer(More)
Controversies and inconsistencies regarding the pathological work-up of sentinel lymph nodes (SNs) led the European Working Group for Breast Screening Pathology (EWGBSP) to review published data and current evidence that can promote the formulation of European guidelines for the pathological work-up of SNs. After an evaluation of the accuracy of SN biopsy(More)
AIMS To evaluate aspects of the current practice of sentinel lymph node (SLN) pathology in breast cancer via a questionnaire based survey, to recognise major issues that the European guidelines for mammography screening should address in the next revision. METHODS A questionnaire was circulated by mail or electronically by the authors in their respective(More)