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BC200 RNA, a small functional RNA that operates as a translational modulator, has been implicated in the regulation of local synaptodendritic protein synthesis in neurons. Cell type-specific expression of BC200 RNA is tightly controlled such that the RNA is not normally detected in somatic cells other than neurons. However, the neuron-specific control of(More)
Overexpression of the epidermal growth factor receptor (egfr) gene is a common feature in breast cancer. We demonstrated recently that the expression of EGFR in breast cancer strongly correlates with the length of a CA simple sequence repeat within the first 2000 bases in intron 1 of the egfr gene [CA simple sequence repeat (CA-SSR) I; H. Buerger et al.,(More)
The introduction of global gene expression analysis in breast cancer research has focused attention onto a repeatedly described subgroup of invasive breast cancer, the basal-like carcinomas. This subgroup is characterised by the expression of high-molecular weight cytokeratins 5, 14 and 17; using immunohistochemical diagnosis, it represents approximately(More)
The bcl-2 gene encodes for a mitochondrial membrane proto-oncoprotein, the expression of which is known to suppress programmed cell death (apoptosis). In the present study the prognostic value of bcl-2 proto-oncoprotein was immunohistochemically investigated in a series of 104 colorectal carcinomas. The bcl-2 staining patterns were semiquantitatively(More)
AIMS To improve the interpretation of immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining results the use of a tissue microarray technique was established in a routine setting. METHODS A tissue microarray was constructed by harvesting 600 microm tissue cores from paraffin wax embedded samples available in a routine pathology department. The punches originating from(More)
Bladder cancer is often characterized by a multifocal growth pattern. This observation has given rise to the hypothesis of " field can-cerization, " predicting a polyclonal origin of multiple tumors rising from an area of independently transformed mucosa cells. On the other hand, genetic studies suggested a monoclonal origin. To address these contradictory(More)
The current protocols for blocking background staining in immunohistochemistry are based on conflicting reports. Background staining is thought to occur as a result of either non-specific antibody (Ab) binding to endogenous Fc receptors (FcRs) or a combination of ionic and hydrophobic interactions. In this study, cell and tissue samples were processed(More)
We identified patterns of differentially-expressed genes in cell lines derived from several pediatric solid tumors. Affymetrix Human Cancer G110 Arrays, carrying 1,700 cancer-associated genes, were applied to a panel of 11 cell lines originating from Ewing tumors (ETs), neuroblastomas, and malignant melanoma of soft parts. Hierarchical clustering clearly(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate expression of various growth factors associated with angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis and of their receptors in ductal carcinomas in situ of the breast (DCIS). We studied protein expression of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A, endothelin (ET)-1, and VEGF-C,(More)
Distinct parallel cytogenetic pathways in breast carcinogenesis could be identified in recent years. Nevertheless, it remained unclear as to which tumours may have progressed in grade or which patterns of cytogenetic alteration may define the switch from an in situ towards an invasive lesion. In order to gain more detailed insights into cytogenetic(More)