Werner Baumgartner

Markus Kipp4
Agnes Weth4
Tim Clarner4
Cordian Beyer4
4Markus Kipp
4Agnes Weth
4Tim Clarner
4Cordian Beyer
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This study was undertaken to provide a biophysical basis for the hypothesis that activity-dependent modulation of cadherin-mediated adhesion by transient changes of extracellular calcium ([Ca2+]e) is causally involved in coordination of synaptic plasticity. Characterization of homophilic N-cadherin binding by atomic force microscopy and laser tweezer(More)
Memory impairment is outstanding within the spectrum of cognitive deficits in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. Demyelination has been reported in the hippocampus formation of MS patients. The degree of hippocampus lesions in MS strongly correlates with progression of cognitive dysfunction. Because no appropriate animal model for the study of hippocampus(More)
Demyelination of the cerebellum is a well-known phenomenon in human multiple sclerosis (MS). Concordantly, patients with MS frequently developed symptoms deriving from cerebellar lesions, i.e., dysmetria leading to hand dexterity impairment. Important advances in MS research have been made as a direct or indirect consequence of the establishment of adequate(More)
In olfactory sensory neurons (OSNs), cytosolic Ca(2+) controls the gain and sensitivity of olfactory signaling. Important components of the molecular machinery that orchestrates OSN Ca(2+) dynamics have been described, but key details are still missing. Here, we demonstrate a critical physiological role of mitochondrial Ca(2+) mobilization in mouse OSNs.(More)
TRPC4 is well recognized as a prominent cation channel in the vascular endothelium, but its contribution to agonist-induced endothelial Ca(2+) entry is still a matter of controversy. Here we report that the cellular targeting and Ca(2+) signaling function of TRPC4 is determined by the state of cell-cell adhesions during endothelial phenotype transitions.(More)
Multiple sclerosis is the leading cause of neurological disability in young adults affecting more than two million people worldwide. Although multiple sclerosis is generally considered as white matter disease, distinct pathological alterations are also found in the grey matter. Involvement of basal ganglia seems to be related to a set of symptoms such as(More)
Ca(2+) -dependent adhesion molecules, cadherins, localised at synaptic sites are critically involved in long-term potentiation (LTP). N-cadherin is thought to promote LTP whereas cadherin-11 seems to counteract LTP. Since high synaptic activity is accompanied by local transient changes of the pH in the synaptic cleft, we studied whether the binding activity(More)
BACKGROUND Owls are known for their silent flight. Even though there is some information available on the mechanisms that lead to a reduction of noise emission, neither the morphological basis, nor the biological mechanisms of the owl's silent flight are known. Therefore, we have initiated a systematic analysis of wing morphology in both a specialist, the(More)
BACKGROUND 7D-cadherins like LI-cadherin are cell adhesion molecules and represent exceptional members of the cadherin superfamily. Although LI-cadherin was shown to act as a functional Ca2+-dependent adhesion molecule, linking neighboring cells together, and to be dysregulated in a variety of diseases, the physiological role is still enigmatic.(More)
The sandfish (Scincus scincus) is a lizard having the remarkable ability to move through desert sand for significant distances. It is well adapted to living in loose sand by virtue of a combination of morphological and behavioural specializations. We investigated the bodyform of the sandfish using 3D-laserscanning and explored its locomotion in loose desert(More)