Werner Arber

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Molecular methods are used widely to measure genetic diversity within populations and determine relationships among species. However, it is difficult to observe genomic evolution in action because these dynamics are too slow in most organisms. To overcome this limitation, we sampled genomes from populations of Escherichia coli evolving in the laboratory for(More)
E. coli 15T- carries two distinct sets of DNA restriction and modification activities. The genetic information for system A is contained in the bacterial chromosome and linked to the thr region. This fact suggests host specificity A to be related to those of strains K and B. The genes controlling system 15 are on a plasmid which is related to phage Pl: it(More)
  • W Arber
  • FEMS microbiology reviews
  • 2000
On the basis of established knowledge of microbial genetics one can distinguish three major natural strategies in the spontaneous generation of genetic variations in bacteria. These strategies are: (1) small local changes in the nucleotide sequence of the genome, (2) intragenomic reshuffling of segments of genomic sequences and (3) the acquisition of DNA(More)
The gene for the insertion sequence (IS) 30 transposase is placed under the control of the tac promoter, and large quantities of transposase are expressed upon induction. The resulting protein precipitates inside the Escherichia coli cells in the form of inclusion bodies which, upon cell lysis, cannot be dissolved under nondenaturing conditions. In(More)
Bacterial subclones recovered from an old stab culture of Escherichia coli K-12 revealed a high degree of genetic diversity, which occurred in spite of a very reduced rate of propagation during storage. This conclusion is based on a pronounced restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) detected upon hybridization with internal fragments of eight(More)
The DNA sequence of a new IS element, the IS26, is 820 bp long and carries 14 bp perfect terminal inverted repeats. Upon integration, IS26 generates an 8 bp duplication of its target sequence. A large open reading frame within IS26 could code for a protein of 234 amino acids. On its reverse strand, IS26 also carries one large open reading frame, 591 bp(More)
The Escherichia coli resident mobile element IS30 has pronounced target specificity. Upon transposition, the element frequently inserts exactly into the same position of a preferred target sequence. Insertion sites in phages, plasmids and in the genome of E. coli are characterized by an exceptionally long palindromic consensus sequence that provides strong(More)