In the present study, we demonstrate that the terminal inverted repeats of the Escherichia coli insertion sequence IS30 are functional target sites for the transposition of the (IS30)2 dimer, which represents an intermediate structure in the transposition of IS30. Comparative analysis of various target regions revealed that the left and right ends differ in… (More)
On the basis of established knowledge of microbial genetics one can distinguish three major natural strategies in the spontaneous generation of genetic variations in bacteria. These strategies are: (1) small local changes in the nucleotide sequence of the genome, (2) intragenomic reshuffling of segments of genomic sequences and (3) the acquisition of DNA… (More)
An analysis of restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) using eight residential insertion sequence (IS) elements as hybridization probes reveals that the genome of resting bacteria is more dynamic than it was long believed. Escherichia coli strains stored in agar stabs for up to 30 yr accumulate a genetic variation which is correlated to time of… (More)
Amber and deletion mutants were used to assign functions in cell lysis to three late genes of bacteriophage P1. Two of these genes, lydA and lydB of the dar operon, are 330 and 444 bp in length, respectively, with the stop codon of lydA overlapping the start codon of lydB. The third, gene 17, is 558 bp in length and is located in an otherwise… (More)
This is a contribution to the history of scientific advance in the past 70 years concerning the identification of genetic information, its molecular structure, the identification of its functions and the molecular mechanisms of its evolution. Particular attention is thereby given to horizontal gene transfer among microorganisms, as well as to biosafety… (More)
IS1-mediated insertion and deletion formation occur preferentially into A+T-rich regions of DNA of bacteriophate P1 and of the r-determinant of the R plasmid NR1. The significance of this correlation is discussed in view of other published data.
The availability of spontaneously occurring genetic variants is an important driving force of biological evolution. Largely thanks to experimental investigations by microbial geneticists, we know today that several different molecular mechanisms contribute to the overall genetic variations. These mechanisms can be assigned to three natural strategies to… (More)
According to the Neodarwinian theory, biological evolution depends (1) on the availability of genetic variants, (2) on natural selection exerted on all available forms of life and (3) on geographical and reproductive isolation. The now available methodology of molecular genetics enables us to explore the molecular nature of genetic variation. It has become… (More)