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A combined theoretical and experimental study highlights the reaction mechanism of allene oxide synthase (AOS) and its possible link to hydroperoxide lyase (HPL) pathway. A previously published study (Lee et al., Nature 455 (2008) 363) has shown that the F137 residue is of central importance in differentiating between the AOS and HPL pathways after initial(More)
In the reaction between trans-resveratrol (resveratrol) and the hydroxyl radical, kinetic product control leads to a short-lived hydroxyl radical adduct with an absorption maximum at 420 nm and a lifetime of 0.21 ± 0.01 μs (anaerobic acetonitrile at 25 °C) as shown by laser flash photolysis using N-hydroxypyridine-2(1H)-thione (N-HPT) as a "photo-Fenton"(More)
To improve the accuracy of local coupled cluster (LCC) methods in computing activation energies, we propose herein a new computational scheme. Its applications to various types of late-transition-metal-catalyzed reactions involving Au, Pt, and Ir indicate that the new corrective approach for LCC methods can downsize the mean unsigned deviation and maximum(More)
This paper investigates the enzyme chloroperoxidase (CPO) by means of hybrid quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical (QM/MM) calculations. The effects of anionic substrate, protein environment, and proximal ligand mutation on the high-valent iron-oxo species, compound I (Cpd I), and the ferric hydroperoxide complex, compound 0 (Cpd 0), are studied. The(More)
Herein we demonstrate that an external electric field (EEF) acts as an accessory catalyst/inhibitor for Diels-Alder (DA) reactions. When the EEF is oriented along the "reaction axis" (the coordinate of approach of the reactants in the reaction path), the barrier of the DA reactions is lowered by a significant amount, equivalent to rate enhancements by 4-6(More)
The intriguing deactivation of the cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2B4 enzyme induced by mutation of a single residue, Phe429 to His, is explored by quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical calculations of the O-OH bond activation of the (Fe(3+)OOH)(-) intermediate. It is found that the F429H mutant of CYP 2B4 undergoes homolytic instead of heterolytic O-OH bond(More)
This work reviews the recent applications of ab initio multireference/multiconfiguration (MR/MC) electronic structure methods to heme-related systems, involving tetra-, penta-, and hexa-coordinate species, as well as the high-valent iron-oxo species. The current accuracy of these methods in the various systems is discussed, with special attention to(More)
"Give us insight, not numbers" was Coulson's admonition to theoretical chemists. This Review shows that the valence bond (VB)-model provides insights and some good numbers for one of the fundamental reactions in nature, the hydrogen-atom transfer (HAT). The VB model is applied to over 50 reactions from the simplest H + H(2) process, to P450 hydroxylations(More)
Dopamine can be generated from tyramine via arene hydroxylation catalyzed by a cytochrome P450 enzyme (CYP2D6). Our quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical (QM/MM) results reveal the decisive impact of the protein in selecting the 'best' reaction mechanism. Instead of the traditional Meisenheimer-complex mechanism, the study reveals a mechanism involving an(More)
Globally increasing energy demands and environmental concerns related to the use of fossil fuels have stimulated extensive research to identify new energy systems and economies that are sustainable, clean, low cost, and environmentally benign. Hydrogen generation from solar-driven water splitting is a promising strategy to store solar energy in chemical(More)