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Patterns of noble metal nanoparticles (NMNPs) of ruthenium and platinum are formed on p-phosphonic acid calix[8]arene stabilised graphene in water. This involves hydrogen gas induced reduction of metal ions absorbed on the stabilised graphene, with TEM revealing the patterns being comprised of domains of parallel arrays of NMNPs ∼7 nm apart. The domains are(More)
In situ sonic probe exfoliated graphene sheets in the presence of various concentrations of p-phosphonic acid calix[8]arene are effective in removing nitrate from aquatic effluents, with the efficiency increasing for higher ratios of calixarene to graphite. Mild sonication of the nitrate-adsorbed material releases some nitrate ions back to the effluent.
The ability to tune the molecular interaction electronically can have profound impact on wide-ranging scientific frontiers in catalysis, chemical and biological sensor development, and the understanding of key biological processes. Despite that electrochemistry is routinely used to probe redox reactions involving loss or gain of electrons, electrical(More)
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