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Lodgepole pine from forest thinnings is a potential feedstock for ethanol production. In this study, lodgepole pine was converted to ethanol with a yield of 276 L per metric ton of wood or 72% of theoretical yield. The lodgepole pine chips were directly subjected to sulfite pretreatment to overcome recalcitrance of lignocellulose (SPORL) pretreatment and(More)
Both physicians and dermatology patients are searching for long-term topical skin care solutions (both cosmetic and cosmeceutical) to address problems presented by skin hyperpigmentation. Specifically, some women often express a desire to "lighten" skin tone by achieving improved visible tone, reduction in yellowness (or sallow tone), and reduction in the(More)
Bone tissue deficiency is a common clinical challenge. Tissue-engineered bone constructs are an effective approach for the repair of orthopedic bone defects. Mimicking the essential components of the in vivo microenvironment is an efficient way to develop functional constructs. In this study, bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (BMMSCs) were(More)
BACKGROUND RIPK4 is essential for the identification of keratinocyte differentiation and cutaneous inflammation. The mechanisms involved in the tumorigenesis of tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) have not been well characterized yet. OBJECTIVE To assess RIPK4 expression in various differentiated TSCC and to determine its basic biological function. (More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of aloin, cinnamic acid and 15 other kinds of natural chemicals on the activity of tyrosinase, in order to provide lightening agents in the treatment of hyperpigmentation disorders and cosmetic additives. METHODS Tyrosinase activity was estimated by measuring the oxidation rate of L-dopa. Inhibition of the enzyme was(More)
Dyschromatosis symmetrica hereditaria (DSH) is a rare autosomal dominant cutaneous disorder characterized by a mixture of hyperpigmented and hypopigmented macules of various sizes on the extremities. Pathogenic mutations in the DSRAD gene have recently been identified. In this study, we report and identify the mutations of the DSRAD gene in two Chinese(More)
To the Editor: The term dermatosis (or dermatitis) neglecta was first coined by Poskitt et al. to denote a condition in which formation of a localized hyperpigmented lesion occurs as a consequence of lack of cleanliness. Although it is not a universally accepted entity, several case reports of this condition have since been published. Early and prompt(More)
We report a case of cutaneous silica granuloma with generalized involvement of distal lymph nodes; no similar case has been reported in the published work. The 45-year-old man was a stonemason who had been incidentally sprayed with rock dust from a saw 22 years ago. The subject presented with nodules and erythematous areas on his face and chin. In addition,(More)
Ceramides are second messengers involved in several intracellular processes in cancer cells, amongst others. The aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-tumor efficacy of C2-ceramide (C2-Cer; N-acetyl-D-sphingosine) by investigating cell death and autophagy in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cells. C2-Cer showed concentration-dependent(More)