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Recent research using genetically modified mice has pointed to the specific contribution of individual receptor subtypes to the various effects of benzodiazepines. The aim of this study was to examine the relative significance of alpha(1)-containing GABA(A) receptors in the effects of modulators at the benzodiazepine site in the elevated plus-maze (EPM)(More)
RATIONALE Positive modulators of the benzodiazepine/GABA(A) receptor complex can heighten aggressive behavior; the GABA(A)/alpha(1) subunit may play a critical role in benzodiazepine-modulated aggressive behavior. OBJECTIVE The carboline derivatives, beta-CCt and 3-PBC, antagonists with preferential action at the GABA(A) receptors with alpha(1) subunits,(More)
RATIONALE Benzodiazepine agonists characteristically increase food intake in humans and non-human subjects, and the underlying mechanisms of this effect are not understood completely. OBJECTIVE Compounds with selectivity for GABAA receptor subtypes were used to evaluate the role of GABAA receptors containing alpha1 and alpha5 subunits (alpha1GABAA and(More)
It has been hypothesized that alcohol addiction is mediated, at least in part, by specific gamma-aminobutyric acid(A) (GABA(A)) receptors within the ventral pallidum (VP). Among the potential GABA(A) receptor isoforms regulating alcohol-seeking behaviors within the VP, the GABA(A) alpha1 receptor subtype (GABA(A1)) appears pre-eminent. In the present study,(More)
The present study tested the hypothesis that GABA(A) and opioid receptors within the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA) regulate ethanol (EtOH), but not sucrose-maintained responding. To accomplish this, betaCCt, a mixed benzodiazepine (BDZ) agonist-antagonist with binding selectivity at the alpha1 subunit-containing GABA(A) receptor, and the(More)
RATIONALE The discriminative stimulus effects of zolpidem in squirrel monkeys trained at doses greater than or equal to 3.0 mg/kg differ from those of conventional benzodiazepines (BZs), but the extent to which these effects reflect the selectivity of zolpidem for GABA(A)/alpha(1) receptors is not known. OBJECTIVES The present study investigated the(More)
The present study investigated the role of the alpha1-containing GABA(A) receptors in the neurobehavioral actions of alcohol. In Experiment 1, mice lacking the alpha1 subunit (alpha1 (-/-)) were tested for their capacity to initiate operant-lever press responding for alcohol or sucrose. Alcohol intake in the home cage was also measured. In Experiment 2, the(More)
Recent research on genetically modified mice has attributed the amnesic effect of benzodiazepines mainly to the alpha1-containing GABA(A) receptor subtypes. The pharmacological approach, using subtype selective ligands, is needed to complement genetic studies. We tested the effects of the non-selective antagonist flumazenil (0-20.0 mg/kg), the preferential(More)
RATIONALE Conventional benzodiazepines (BZs), clinically used for treatment of anxiety and insomnia, bind to GABA(A) receptors containing alpha(1), alpha(2), alpha(3), or alpha(5) subunits. The role of these different GABA(A) receptor subtypes in mediating the subjective effects of BZs remains largely unknown. OBJECTIVE The purpose of the present study(More)
A series of 3,6-disubstituted β-carbolines was synthesized and evaluated for their in vitro affinities at α(x)β(3)γ(2) GABA(A)/benzodiazepine receptor subtypes by radioligand binding assays in search of α(1) subtype selective ligands to treat alcohol abuse. Analogues of β-carboline-3-carboxylate-t-butyl ester (βCCt, 1) were synthesized via a CDI-mediated(More)