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been overlooked. This is an important problem faced by service providers, especially in the current multi-electricity market, where the price of electricity may exhibit time and location diversities. Further, for these service providers, guaranteeing quality of service (i.e. service level objectives-SLO) such as service delay guarantees to the end users is(More)
With the increasing popularity of practical vision systems and smart phones, text detection in natural scenes becomes a critical yet challenging task. Most existing methods have focused on detecting horizontal or near-horizontal texts. In this paper, we propose a system which detects texts of arbitrary orientations in natural images. Our algorithm is(More)
The pervasiveness of location-acquisition technologies (GPS, GSM networks, etc.) enable people to conveniently log the location histories they visited with spatio-temporal data. The increasing availability of large amounts of spatio-temporal data pertaining to an individual's trajectories has given rise to a variety of geographic information systems, and(More)
In this paper, we introduce a new skeleton pruning method based on contour partitioning. Any contour partition can be used, but the partitions obtained by discrete curve evolution (DCE) yield excellent results. The theoretical properties and the experiments presented demonstrate that obtained skeletons are in accord with human visual perception and stable,(More)
Shape similarity and shape retrieval are very important topics in computer vision. The recent progress in this domain has been mostly driven by designing smart shape descriptors for providing better similarity measure between pairs of shapes. In this paper, we provide a new perspective to this problem by considering the existing shapes as a group, and study(More)
In this paper, we propose a new shape decomposition method, called convex shape decomposition. We formalize the convex decomposition problem as an integer linear programming problem, and obtain approximate optimal solution by minimizing the total cost of decomposition under some concavity constraints. Our method is based on Morse theory and combines(More)
Shape decomposition is a fundamental problem for part-based shape representation. We propose a novel shape decomposition method called Minimum Near-Convex Decomposition (MNCD), which decomposes 2D and 3D arbitrary shapes into minimum number of “near-convex” parts. With the degree of near-convexity a user specified parameter, our decomposition(More)
The efficiency of space-time block code-encoded (STBC) cooperative transmission is studied within low-energy adaptive clustering hierarchy (LEACH), which is a typical networking/communication protocol for wireless sensor networks. Cooperation protocol with low overhead is proposed, and synchronization requirements among cooperating sensors are discussed.(More)
Dictionary learning has became an increasingly important task in machine learning, as it is fundamental to the representation problem. A number of emerging techniques specifically include a codebook learning step, in which a critical knowledge abstraction process is carried out. Existing approaches in dictionary (codebook) learning are either generative(More)
Driven by the wide range of applications, scene text detection and recognition have become active research topics in computer vision. Though extensively studied, localizing and reading text in uncontrolled environments remain extremely challenging, due to various interference factors. In this paper, we propose a novel multi-scale representation for scene(More)