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The study of Cyber-Physical System (CPS) has been an active area of research. Internet Data Center (IDC) is an important emerging Cyber-Physical System. As the demand on Internet services drastically increases in recent years, the power used by IDCs has been skyrocketing. While most existing research focuses on reducing power consumptions of IDCs, the power(More)
With the increasing popularity of practical vision systems and smart phones, text detection in natural scenes becomes a critical yet challenging task. Most existing methods have focused on detecting horizontal or near-horizontal texts. In this paper, we propose a system which detects texts of arbitrary orientations in natural images. Our algorithm is(More)
In this paper, we introduce a new skeleton pruning method based on contour partitioning. Any contour partition can be used, but the partitions obtained by discrete curve evolution (DCE) yield excellent results. The theoretical properties and the experiments presented demonstrate that obtained skeletons are in accord with human visual perception and stable,(More)
Shape similarity and shape retrieval are very important topics in computer vision. The recent progress in this domain has been mostly driven by designing smart shape descriptors for providing better similarity measure between pairs of shapes. In this paper, we provide a new perspective to this problem by considering the existing shapes as a group, and study(More)
The pervasiveness of location-acquisition technologies (GPS, GSM networks, etc.) enable people to conveniently log the location histories they visited with spatio-temporal data. The increasing availability of large amounts of spatio-temporal data pertaining to an individual's trajectories has given rise to a variety of geographic information systems, and(More)
In this paper, we propose a new shape/object retrieval algorithm, namely, co-transduction. The performance of a retrieval system is critically decided by the accuracy of adopted similarity measures (distances or metrics). In shape/object retrieval, ideally, intraclass objects should have smaller distances than interclass objects. However, it is a difficult(More)
We propose a novel shape descriptor for matching and recognizing 2D object silhouettes. The contour of each object is represented by a fixed number of sample points. For each sample point, a height function is defined based on the distances of the other sample points to its tangent line. One compact and robust shape descriptor is obtained by smoothing the(More)
Shape decomposition is a fundamental problem for part-based shape representation. We propose a novel shape decomposition method called Minimum Near-Convex Decomposition (MNCD), which decomposes 2D and 3D arbitrary shapes into minimum number of “near-convex” parts. With the degree of near-convexity a user specified parameter, our decomposition(More)
In this paper, we propose a new shape decomposition method, called convex shape decomposition. We formalize the convex decomposition problem as an integer linear programming problem, and obtain approximate optimal solution by minimizing the total cost of decomposition under some concavity constraints. Our method is based on Morse theory and combines(More)
In this paper, we propose a novel approach for text detection in natural images. Both local and global cues are taken into account for localizing text lines in a coarse-to-fine procedure. First, a Fully Convolutional Network (FCN) model is trained to predict the salient map of text regions in a holistic manner. Then, text line hypotheses are estimated by(More)