Learn More
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Several molecular forms of human neutrophil lipocalin/neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (HNL/NGAL), a novel biomarker for acute kidney injury (AKI), have been found in urine. The origin of these different forms and the effect of antibody configuration on assay performances were investigated in this report. DESIGN,(More)
BACKGROUND Bacteriophage could be an alternative to conventional antibiotic therapy against multidrug-resistant bacteria. However, the emergence of resistant variants after phage treatment limited its therapeutic application. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS In this study, an approach, named "Step-by-Step" (SBS), has been established. This method takes(More)
Phage-coded lysin is an enzyme that destroys the cell walls of bacteria. Phage lysin could be an alternative to conventional antibiotic therapy against pathogens that are resistant to multiple antibiotics. In this study, a novel staphylococcal phage, GH15, was isolated, and the endogenous lytic enzyme (LysGH15) was expressed and purified. The lysin LysGH15(More)
GH15 is a polyvalent phage that shows activity against a wide range of Staphylococcus aureus strains. In this work, the complete genome sequence of GH15 was determined. With a genome size of 139,806 bp (double-stranded DNA), GH15 is the largest staphylococcal phage sequenced to date. The complete genome encodes 214 open reading frames (ORFs) and 4 tRNAs.(More)
OBJECTIVE Gangliosides on the cells surface can act as the Newcastle disease virus receptors, but the differences of receptor specificities between Newcastle disease virus strains isolated from different avian species have not been determined. Accordingly, we attempted to determine the difference of binding specificity to gangliosides between two Newcastle(More)
The endolysin LysGH15, derived from staphylococcal phage GH15, has a wide lytic spectrum and strong lytic activity against Staphylococcus aureus, especially methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA), in vitro and in vivo. Here, the ability of lethal MRSA to induce mRNA levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-4 (IL-4), and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) in spleen(More)
LysGH15, a phage endolysin, exhibits a particularly broad lytic spectrum against Staphylococcus aureus, especially methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). Sequence analysis reveals that this endolysin contains a C-terminal cell wall binding domain (SH3b), which causes the endolysin to bind to host strains. In this study, the substrate binding affinity of(More)
A random phage 12-mer peptide library and a whole-cell subtractive biopanning protocol against HepG2 cells were used to select a novel peptide-specific binding to hepatocellular carcinoma cells. As a result, peptide SLSLITMLKISR (AM-2) was screened as a novel homing peptide to hepatocellular carcinoma cells, tested by immunofluorescence and immunochemistry(More)
Recently, poly-γ-glutamic acid synthetase A (pgsA) has been applied to display exogenous proteins on the surface of Lactobacillus casei or Lactococcus lactis, which results in a surfacedisplayed component of bacteria. However, the ability of carrying genes encoded by plasmids and the expression efficiency of recombinant bacteria can be somewhat affected by(More)
The lysin LysGH15, which is derived from the staphylococcal phage GH15, demonstrates a wide lytic spectrum and strong lytic activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Here, we find that the lytic activity of the full-length LysGH15 and its CHAP domain is dependent on calcium ions. To elucidate the molecular mechanism, the(More)