Learn More
HNF-4 (hepatocyte nuclear factor 4) is a protein enriched in liver extracts that binds to sites required for the transcription of the genes for transthyretin (TTR), the carrier protein in the serum for vitamin A and thyroid hormone, and for apolipoprotein CIII (apoCIII), a major constituent of chylomicrons and very low-density lipoproteins (VLDL). Synthetic(More)
We identified a Norwalk-like calicivirus (CV) whose genome likely was derived from naturally occurring recombination. This strain (Arg320) was detected by the EIA developed against recombinant Mexico virus (rMxV) capsids, but the viral RNA polymerase sequence was closer to Lordsdale virus, in a separate genetic cluster of Norwalk-like viruses. A 3.3 kb cDNA(More)
cDNA clones were produced from a morphologically typical human calicivirus (HuCV) in stool specimens collected in 1982 during an outbreak of gastroenteritis in Sapporo, Japan. The cDNA clones were generated separately in two laboratories by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) using primers 35 and 36 derived from Norwalk virus. The(More)
A primer pair (p289/290) based on the RNA polymerase sequence of 25 prototype and currently circulating strains of human caliciviruses (HuCVs) was designed for the detection of both Norwalk-like caliciviruses (NLVs) and Sapporo-like caliciviruses (SLVs) by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). This primer pair produces RT-PCR products of(More)
The high degree of similarity between the mouse and human genomes is demonstrated through analysis of the sequence of mouse chromosome 16 (Mmu 16), which was obtained as part of a whole-genome shotgun assembly of the mouse genome. The mouse genome is about 10% smaller than the human genome, owing to a lower repetitive DNA content. Comparison of the(More)
Liver X receptors (LXRs) are ligand-activated transcription factors that coordinate regulation of gene expression involved in several cellular functions but most notably cholesterol homeostasis encompassing cholesterol transport, catabolism, and absorption. WAY-252623 (LXR-623) is a highly selective and orally bioavailable synthetic modulator of LXR, which(More)
Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (OxLDL) has been implicated as a proatherogenic factor with a pathological role in the induction of endothelial dysfunction. Endothelial cells bind and uptake OxLDL primarily through the scavenger receptor lectin-like oxidized-low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1), which is believed to mediate critical effects of OxLDL(More)
Norovirus and Sapovirus are two genera of the family Caliciviridae that contain viruses that can cause acute gastroenteritis in humans. Noroviruses (NOR) are genetically highly diverse but limited studies of the genetic diversity of sapoviruses (SAP) have been reported. In this study we characterized twenty-five SAP detected in our laboratory from outbreaks(More)
Two-hundred Mexican children monitored from birth to 2 years of age in a cohort study of diarrhea were tested for Norwalk virus (NV) and Norwalk-related virus infection. Blood was collected quarterly and tested by an enzyme immunoassay (EIA) using the recombinant NV (rNV) particles as antigen. Stool was collected weekly and tested by an EIA using(More)
A Drosophila gene, HNF-4(D), was selected by cross-hybridization with a probe to rat HNF-4 (hepatocyte nuclear factor 4), a steroid hormone receptor super-family member that plays an important role in liver-specific gene expression. The Drosophila gene matched the mouse gene in 60 out of 66 amino acids in the zinc finger DNA binding domain and in 140 out of(More)