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HNF-4 (hepatocyte nuclear factor 4) is a protein enriched in liver extracts that binds to sites required for the transcription of the genes for transthyretin (TTR), the carrier protein in the serum for vitamin A and thyroid hormone, and for apolipoprotein CIII (apoCIII), a major constituent of chylomicrons and very low-density lipoproteins (VLDL). Synthetic(More)
The high degree of similarity between the mouse and human genomes is demonstrated through analysis of the sequence of mouse chromosome 16 (Mmu 16), which was obtained as part of a whole-genome shotgun assembly of the mouse genome. The mouse genome is about 10% smaller than the human genome, owing to a lower repetitive DNA content. Comparison of the(More)
Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (OxLDL) has been implicated as a proatherogenic factor with a pathological role in the induction of endothelial dysfunction. Endothelial cells bind and uptake OxLDL primarily through the scavenger receptor lectin-like oxidized-low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1), which is believed to mediate critical effects of OxLDL(More)
A primer pair (p289/290) based on the RNA polymerase sequence of 25 prototype and currently circulating strains of human caliciviruses (HuCVs) was designed for the detection of both Norwalk-like caliciviruses (NLVs) and Sapporo-like caliciviruses (SLVs) by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). This primer pair produces RT-PCR products of(More)
Norovirus and Sapovirus are two genera of the family Caliciviridae that contain viruses that can cause acute gastroenteritis in humans. Noroviruses (NOR) are genetically highly diverse but limited studies of the genetic diversity of sapoviruses (SAP) have been reported. In this study we characterized twenty-five SAP detected in our laboratory from outbreaks(More)
A Drosophila gene, HNF-4(D), was selected by cross-hybridization with a probe to rat HNF-4 (hepatocyte nuclear factor 4), a steroid hormone receptor super-family member that plays an important role in liver-specific gene expression. The Drosophila gene matched the mouse gene in 60 out of 66 amino acids in the zinc finger DNA binding domain and in 140 out of(More)
Two-hundred Mexican children monitored from birth to 2 years of age in a cohort study of diarrhea were tested for Norwalk virus (NV) and Norwalk-related virus infection. Blood was collected quarterly and tested by an enzyme immunoassay (EIA) using the recombinant NV (rNV) particles as antigen. Stool was collected weekly and tested by an EIA using(More)
We identified a Norwalk-like calicivirus (CV) whose genome likely was derived from naturally occurring recombination. This strain (Arg320) was detected by the EIA developed against recombinant Mexico virus (rMxV) capsids, but the viral RNA polymerase sequence was closer to Lordsdale virus, in a separate genetic cluster of Norwalk-like viruses. A 3.3 kb cDNA(More)
The application of molecular technologies, such as the expression of viral proteins in baculovirus, has provided a powerful approach to the diagnosis of human calicivirus (HuCV) infections. The baculovirus-expressed HuCV capsid protein self-assembles into virus-like particles, providing excellent reagents for immunologic assays, such as enzyme immunoassays(More)
Phosphoinositide lipids generated at the cell membrane are a key component of a variety of signaling pathways. Among several inositol phosphatases that regulate the availability of signaling phosphoinositide lipids, the type II SH2-domain-containing inositol 5-phosphatase (SHIP2; approved gene symbol Inppl1) is believed to have multiple functions, including(More)