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Oxytocin has been demonstrated to be involved in pain modulation. Acupuncture analgesia is a very useful clinical tool for pain relief, which has over 2500-year history in China. The present study investigated the role of oxytocin in acupuncture analgesia in the rat through oxytocin administration and measurement. Central administration of oxytocin(More)
Our previous study proved that the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVH) plays an important role in acupuncture analgesia. The neuropeptides involving in the PVH regulation of acupuncture analgesia was investigated in the rat. The changes of pain threshold, which was induced by electrical acupuncture of "Zusanli" points (St. 36), were measured as(More)
The study aimed to investigate the effect of oxytocin on antinociception in the rat. The pain threshold was elevated by oxytocin following intraventricular (icv) or intrathecal injection (ith), and reduced by anti-oxytocin serum (icv or ith). But the pain threshold was not altered by intravenous injection (iv) of oxytocin or anti-oxytocin serum. Pain(More)
Our previous study proved that hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVH) plays an important role in acupuncture analgesia. The effect of acupuncture on the concentrations of arginine vasopressin (AVP), oxytocin (OXT), leucine-enkephaline (L-Ek), beta-endorphin (beta-Ep) and dynorphinA(1-13) (DynA(1-13)) was investigated in rat PVH. Electrical acupuncture(More)
The role of hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) in nociception was investigated in the rat. Electrical stimulation of the PVN increased pain threshold, and microinjection of L-glutamate sodium into the PVN also elevated pain threshold in a dose-dependent manner, whereas cauterization of the PVN decreased pain threshold. Stimulation or cauterization(More)
We investigated the role of the hypothalamic supraoptic nucleus (SON) in nociception in the rat. Electrical stimulation of the SON or microinjection of a small dose of L-glutamate sodium into the SON elevated the nociceptive threshold in a dose-dependent manner, while cauterization of the SON decreased the nociceptive threshold. Pituitary removal did not(More)
Hypothalamic supraoptic nucleus (SON) has been demonstrated to involve in pain modulation. Acupuncture analgesia is a very useful clinical skill for pain relief, which has over 2500-year history in China. The present study investigated the effect of SON on acupuncture analgesia in the rat. Electrical stimulation of the SON or microinjection of a small dose(More)
Due to the difficulty of DNA extraction for Demodex, few studies dealt with the identification and the phyletic evolution of Demodex at molecular level. In this study, we amplified, sequenced, and analyzed a complete (Demodex folliculorum) and an almost complete (D12 missing) (Demodex brevis) ribosomal DNA (rDNA) sequence and also analyzed the primary(More)
Arginine vasopressin (AVP) has been proven to be involved in the process of pain regulation. This communication was designed to investigate the effect of AVP on acupuncture analgesia in the rat model. The results showed that intraventricular injection (icv) of AVP could enhance acupuncture analgesia in a dose-dependent manner, whereas icv of anti-AVP serum(More)
Hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) is a major source of arginine vasopressin (AVP). Our previous work has proven that: (1) pain stimulation enhances PVN synthesis and secretion of AVP; (2) AVP in periaqueductal gray (PAG) plays a role in antinociception; (3) pain stimulation increases AVP concentration in PAG tissue. The present study was to(More)