Wenxuan Yin

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In transient transfection assays deletions, insertions, or truncations are broadly used to define cis regulatory elements, such as promoters, enhancers, and silencers. This application is based on the assumption that size changes of a test fragment have little or no effect on the apparent activity of the reporter genes. While it is known that unusually(More)
To delineate the relationship between epigenetic modifications and hemoglobin switching, we compared the pattern of histone acetylation and pol II binding across the beta-globin locus at fetal and adult stages of human development. To make this comparison possible, we introduced an external control into experimental samples in chromatin immunoprecipitation(More)
FK506 binding protein 12.6 kDa (FKBP12.6), a protein that regulates ryanodine Ca(2+) release channels, may act as an important regulator of insulin secretion. In this study, the role of FKBP12.6 in the control of insulin secretion and blood glucose is clarified using FKBP12.6(-/-) mice. FKBP12.6(-/-) mice showed significant fed hyperinsulinemia but(More)
High-level transcription of the globin genes requires the enhancement by a distant element, the locus control region (LCR). Such long-range regulation in vivo involves spatial interaction between transcriptional elements, with intervening chromatin looping out. It has been proposed that the clustering of the HS sites of the LCR, the active globin genes, as(More)
We examined the role and molecular mechanism of cADPR action on Ca(2+) spark properties in mouse bladder smooth muscle. Dialysis of cADPR with patch pipettes increased frequency and amplitude of spontaneous transient out currents (STOCs) to 6.1+/-0.87 currents/min from 1.2+/-0.36 currents/min (control) and to 179.8+/-48.7pA from 36.4+/-22.6pA (control),(More)
Non-coding exons of epsilon-globin mRNA originating within the 236 kb upstream region of the epsilon-globin gene were identified in human primary tissues and K562 cells. One predominant type of upstream epsilon mRNA, which originated in the -76 kb region 5' to the epsilon gene, was present in human primary tissues, whereas 11 other isoforms were identified(More)
The beta-globin locus control region (LCR) is able to enhance the expression of all globin genes throughout the course of development. However, the chromatin structure of the LCR at the different developmental stages is not well defined. We report DNase I and micrococcal nuclease hypersensitivity, chromatin immunoprecipitation analyses for histones H2A,(More)
Extracellular ATP (eATP) induces an intracellular Ca(2+) transient by activating phospholipase C (PLC)-associated P2X4 purinergic receptors, leading to production of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) and subsequent Ca(2+) release from intracellular stores in mouse pancreatic beta-cells. Using laser scanning confocal microscopy, Ca(2+) indicator fluo-4 AM,(More)
Previous studies have indicated that ERp44 inhibits inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP(3))-induced Ca(2+) release (IICR) via IP(3)R(1), but the mechanism remains largely unexplored. Using extracellular ATP to induce intracellular calcium transient as an IICR model, Ca(2+) image, pull down assay, and Western blotting experiments were carried out in the present(More)