Wenxuan Yang

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Ischemia—Reperfusion injury of the intestine is a significant problem in abdominal aortic aneurysm surgery, small bowel transplantation, cardiopulmonary bypass, strangulated hernias, and neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis. It can also occur as a consequence of collapse of systemic circulation, as in hypovolemic and septic shock. It is associated with a high(More)
Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-4 (IGFBP-4) is an important member of the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system. The IGFBP-4 has three domains of which the N-terminal sequence is important for the binding of IGF. It acts as a transport protein for IGF-I and IGF-II and modulates their biological effects. There is increasing evidence that IGFBP-4(More)
The insulin-like growth factor system, which includes insulin-like growth factors (IGF-I and IGF-II), IGF receptors (IGF-IR and IGF-IIR) and IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs), plays an important role in epithelial growth, anti-apoptosis and mitogenesis. There is a growing body of evidence showing that IGFs control growth and proliferation of several types of(More)
BACKGROUND Impairment of hepatic microcirculation in fatty liver has been assumed to reduce tolerance of the liver against ischemia-reperfusion injury. The present study was aimed to investigate the role of nitric oxide (NO) in the regulation of hepatic microcirculation and tissue oxygenation in hepatic steatosis. METHODS Sprague-Dawley rats (200-250 g)(More)
Oxidative stress is an important factor in many pathological conditions such as inflammation, cancer, ageing and organ response to ischemia-reperfusion. Humans have developed a complex antioxidant system to eliminate or attenuate oxidative stress. Liver ischemia-reperfusion injury occurs in a number of clinical settings, including liver surgery,(More)
Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) may protect the liver from ischemia reperfusion injury by nitric oxide formation. This study has investigated the effect of ischemic preconditioning on hepatic microcirculation (HM), and the relationship between nitric oxide metabolism and HM in preconditioning. Rats were allocated to 5 groups: 1. sham laparotomy; 2. 45(More)
The locations of the vascular resistance sites which regulate vascular tone in the hepatic arterial and portal venous vasculatures of the rat liver were identified using a new, in vitro, dual-perfused liver preparation. Twelve livers of male Wistar rats were perfused via the hepatic artery and portal vein at fixed flow and at physiological pressure.(More)
The role of nitric oxide in the modulation of hepatic arterial vascular reactivity was investigated in an isolated dual-perfused rat liver preparation. Twelve male Wistar rats (200-250 g) were anaesthetized with sodium pentobarbitone (60 mg kg-1 i.p.). The livers were then excised and perfused in vitro through hepatic arterial and portal venous cannulae at(More)
Thiol-containing compounds have an essential role in many biochemical reactions due to their ability to be easily oxidised and then quickly regenerated. Main representatives are glutathione, lipoic acid and thioredoxin which are synthesised de novo in mammalian cells. N-acetylcysteine and Bucillamine are synthetic thiols which have been administered in(More)
Twelve male Wistar rats were anaesthetized with pentobarbitone (3 mg 100g(-1) i.p.), the livers were excised and perfused in vitro through the hepatic artery and portal vein at constant flow rates of 0.32+/-0.01 (mean+/-S.E.) and 0.98+/-0.03 ml min(-1) g liver(-1), respectively. The tone of the preparation was raised by methoxamine (7.5 x 10(-6) M).(More)