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We describe here a protocol developed to detect specific mRNAs by in situ hybridization using tissue sections that were not treated to inactivate RNase and were stored in cryoprotectant solution for several years. Brains from rats, monkeys and humans were sectioned at 50 microns and stored free floating in an ethylene glycol based cryoprotective solution at(More)
Glutamate is critical for the induction and maintenance of behavioral sensitization and associated neuroadaptations in the mesocorticolimbic dopamine (DA) system. We have shown previously [Lu et al. (1997) Synapse 26:269-280] that repeated amphetamine administration alters AMPA receptor subunit mRNA levels in rat nucleus accumbens (NAc) and medial(More)
Glutamate plays a critical role in neuroadaptations induced by drugs of abuse. This study determined whether expression of the NMDAR1 subunit of the NMDA receptor is altered by repeated amphetamine administration. We quantified NMDAR1 mRNA (using in situ hybridization with 35S-labelled oligonucleotide probes) and immunolabelling (using immunocytochemistry(More)
Recent evidence suggests that behavioral sensitization to amphetamine is associated with alterations in excitatory amino acid (EAA) transmission in perikarya (ventral tegmental area) and terminal regions (nucleus accumbens [NAc]) of the mesoaccumbens dopamine system. The present study determined whether repeated amphetamine administration alters expression(More)
The dopamine transporter (DAT) in pre-synaptic membranes and the vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT2) in membranes of synaptic vesicles are involved in mediating the acute effects of amphetamine on dopamine transmission. Therefore, using a quantitative method of in situ hybridization and computerized image analysis, the expression of DAT and VMAT2(More)
Postsynaptic interactions between dopamine and glutamate receptors in the nucleus accumbens are critical for acute responses to drugs of abuse and for neuroadaptations resulting from their chronic administration. We tested the hypothesis that D(1) dopamine receptor stimulation increases phosphorylation of the AMPA receptor subunit GluR1 at the protein(More)
We previously reported that ventral tegmental area (VTA) dopamine neurons are supersensitive to AMPA when recorded three days after discontinuing repeated amphetamine or cocaine administration. By increasing dopamine cell activity, this may contribute to the induction of behavioral sensitization. The goal of this study was to determine if increased(More)
Many lines of evidence implicate dysfunctional excitatory amino acid (EAA) transmission in schizophrenia. The present study examined alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole- 4-priopionate (AMPA) receptor expression in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and nucleus accumbens (NAc) using a rat model of schizophrenia in which excitotoxic lesions of ventral(More)
We studied the distribution of preproenkephalin messenger RNA in the monkey forebrain, using a free-floating method for in situ hybridization histochemistry. Autoradiographs reveal a high level of specific hybridization to preproenkephalin messenger RNA in the monkey striatum and forebrain regions. In the monkey striatum, the distribution of(More)
Two major problems limiting neurobiological applications of in situ hybridization are: (1) contamination by ribonuclease (RNase), which is difficult to avoid and therefore makes the method difficult to establish for many laboratories, and (2) lack of reproducibility, which makes the method inadequate for detecting and quantifying changes in mRNA levels. We(More)
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