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Arsenic trioxide (As2O3) has potential anti-cancer activity against a wide range of carcinomas via apoptosis induction or oncoprotein degradation. The mechanisms involved are not fully elucidated. Here, we demonstrated that As2O3 induced-apoptosis in HeLa and MCF-7 cancer cells was in part triggered by tubulin polymerization. High expression of JWA promoted(More)
Cancer epigenetics plays an important role in the pathogenesis of many cancers including gastric cancer. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) emerge as exciting therapeutic targets for cancer treatment and prevention. In this study, we identified DTWD1 as one of the 122 genes upregulated after treatment of trichostatin A (TSA) in two gastric cancer cell lines.(More)
Histone methylation is one of the most important chromatin posttranslational modifications. It has a range of influences on nuclear functions including epigenetic inheritance, transcriptional regulation and the maintenance of genome integrity. Changes in histone methylation status take part in various physiological and pathological processes. KDM5B (lysine(More)
A major obstacle in cancer chemotherapy is the phenomenon of multidrug resistance (MDR), increased P-glycoprotein expression, and abnormal apoptotic processes that may contribute to MDR. Our previous studies demonstrated that JWA is a pro-apoptotic molecule and required for arsenic trioxide and all-trans-retinoic acid-induced cancer cell apoptosis. In this(More)
Trastuzumab, the first antibody widely used in anti-HER2 targeted therapy, dramatically improved the overall outcome of HER2 positive breast cancer patients. However, trastuzumab resistance emerged as a major problem in its clinical application. In order to explore mechanisms underlying trastuzumab resistance, we performed RNA-Seq to analyze the gene(More)
Cisplatin is one of the most commonly used drugs in the treatment of gastric cancer. However, drug resistance is a major obstacle for effective treatment and originates in multiple mechanisms such as enhanced DNA repair and anti-apoptosis. Our previous results demonstrated that XRCC1 was a key regulator of cisplatin induced DNA damage and apoptosis. TXNL1,(More)
Cisplatin is the first-line agent utilized for the clinical treatment of a wide variety of solid tumors including gastric cancer. However, the intrinsic or acquired cisplatin resistance is often occurred in patients with gastric cancer and resulted in failure of cisplatin therapy. In order to investigate if miRNA involves in cisplatin resistance of human(More)
Ras is aberrantly activated in many cancers and active DNA demethylation plays a fundamental role to establish DNA methylation pattern which is of importance to cancer development. However, it was unknown whether and how Ras regulate DNA demethylation during carcinogenesis. Here we found that Ras downregulated thymine-DNA glycosylase (TDG), a DNA(More)
Cisplatin (DDP) is the first line chemotherapeutic drug for several cancers, including gastric cancer (GC). Unfortunately, the rapid development of drug resistance remains a significant challenge for the clinical application of cisplatin. There is an urgent need to develop new strategies to overcome DDP resistance for cancer treatment. In this study, four(More)
Cancer cells reprogram metabolism to coordinate their rapid growth. They addict on glutamine metabolism for adenosine triphosphate generation and macromolecule biosynthesis. In this study, we report that glutamine deprivation retarded cell growth and induced prosurvival autophagy. Autophagy inhibition by chloroquine significantly enhanced glutamine(More)