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BACKGROUND Fluorescent molecular tomography (FMT) aims at reconstructing the spatial map of optical and fluorescence parameters from fluence measurements. Basically, solving large-scale matrix equations is computationally expensive for image reconstruction of FMT. Despite the reconstruction quality can be improved with more sources, it may result in higher(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetes is a major risk factor for the development of kidney disease. We aimed to determine the prevalence of albuminuria and chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Chinese subjects with diabetes and pre-diabetes and the risk factors for kidney disease. METHODS An urban community-based sample of 3714 adults in Shanghai was classified into normal(More)
Inhibition of ATP-sensitive K(+) (K(ATP)) channels by ATP, a process presumably initiated by binding of ATP to the pore-forming subunit, Kir6.2, is reduced in the presence of phosphoinositides (PPIs). Previous studies led to the hypothesis that PPIs compromise ATP binding. Here, this hypothesis was tested using purified Kir6.2. We show that PPIs bind(More)
A leaky rice mutant was isolated from an ethylmethane sulfonate (EMS)-mutagenized rice library based on its short root phenotype. The map-based cloning results showed that the mutant was due to a point mutation in the intron of OsDGL1 (LOC_Os07g10830), which encodes the dolichyl-diphosphooligosaccharide-protein glycosyltransferase 48 kDa subunit precursor.(More)
We analyze the dynamic properties of a neural network model for on-off spiking neurons recorded in the first optic chiasm of the fly visual system. The model consists of two parallel pathways and three sequential processing stages. The first stage models photoreceptors. At the second stage, the signal is segregated into on- and off-pathways. These pathways(More)
We characterized the function of two rice phosphate (Pi) transporters: OsPHT1;9 (OsPT9) and OsPHT1;10 (OsPT10). OsPT9 and OsPT10 were expressed in the root epidermis, root hairs and lateral roots, with their expression being specifically induced by Pi starvation. In leaves, expression of the two genes was observed in both mesophyll and vasculature.(More)
Chitooligosaccharides (CHOS) inhibit angiogenesis and may be used in the treatment of cancer tumors. We have studied the effect of the fraction of acetylation (FA) and the degree of polymerization (DP) on CHOS anti-angiogenic activity. We tested enzymatically produced CHOS-mixtures with FA0.15, FA0.3 and FA0.6, and DP≤12 in initial experiments with(More)
Chitosan is one of the most abundant carbohydrate biopolymers in the world, and chitosan oligosaccharide (COS), which is prepared from chitosan, is a plant immunity regulator. The present study aimed to validate the effect of COS on inducing resistance to tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) in Arabidopsis and to investigate the potential defence-related signalling(More)
BACKGROUND The MK1 strain, a novel bacterial isolate from soft-rotten tissue of the Neungee mushroom, produces copious amounts of exopolysaccharide (EPS) in a dextrose minimal medium. This study examined the molecular characteristics and immunomodulatory activity of MK1 EPS. METHODS The EPS in the culture supernatant was purified by cold ethanol(More)
Chitooligosaccharide (COS) or oligochitosan has been shown to induce tobacco defense responses which are connected with nitric oxide (NO) and OIPK (oligochitosan-induced Ser/Thr protein kinase). The aim of this study was to reveal the relationship between NO production and OIPK pathway in the defense response of tobacco elicited by COS. NO generation was(More)