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APOBEC3G (A3G) is an intrinsic antiviral factor that inhibits the replication of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) by deaminating cytidine residues to uridine. This causes guanosine-to-adenosine hypermutation in the opposite strand and results in inactivation of the virus. HIV counteracts A3G through the activity of viral infectivity factor (Vif), which(More)
BACKGROUND Current research on the progression of diabetic nephropathy (DN) suggests many important factors; metabolic disturbance, haemodynamic abnormity, chronic inflammation, oxidative stress, innate immune system activation and podocyte lesion. Triptolide, which is active diterpene purified from the traditional Chinese medicine Tripterygium wilfordii(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Obesity-related glomerulopathy (ORG) is an increasing cause of end-stage renal disease, but evidence concerning the effects of treatments is rather limited. This study was aimed at exploring the renoprotective effects of weight loss on patients with ORG. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS A total of 63 patients with(More)
miR-142 and miR-223 have been identified as hematopoietic specific microRNAs. miR-223 has crucial functions in myeloid lineage development. However, the function of miR-142 remains unclear. In this study, we found that both miR-142 and miR-223 attenuated the proliferation of hematopoietic cells, and that miR-223 up-regulated miR-142 expression through the(More)
The NOD-like receptor family, pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome plays pivotal roles in inflammation and autoimmunity. The NLRP3 inflammasome is activated in response to various signals, including pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and danger-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs). However, its role in inflammation remains unclear. In(More)
We report evidence of a detailed epigenetic modification of the leptin promoter and the effects of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs), which is closely associated with the leptin gene transcription in obesity. In the adipose tissue of diet induced obese (DIO) mice, methylation of the CpG island and the binding of methyl-CpG-binding domain protein 2(More)
BMP-6, which belongs to the TGF-β superfamily, is a multifunctional molecule with distinct abilities in embryogenesis and organogenesis. Our recent research has implied that BMP-6 may suppress breast cancer metastasis. In the present study, we extended to elucidate the molecular mechanism by which BMP-6 exerts its anti-tumorigenic effect. The Boyden chamber(More)
The herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) latency-associated transcript (LAT) is abundantly expressed in latently infected trigeminal ganglionic sensory neurons. Expression of the first 1.5 kb of LAT coding sequences is sufficient for the wild-type reactivation phenotype in small animal models of infection. The ability of the first 1.5 kb of LAT coding(More)
This paper investigates a class of delayed neural networks whose neuron activations are modeled by discontinuous functions. By utilizing the Leray–Schauder fixed point theorem of multivalued version, the properties of M-matrix and generalized Lyapunov approach, we present some sufficient conditions to ensure the existence and global asymptotic stability of(More)
In this paper, global exponential stability in Lagrange sense for periodic neural networks with various activation functions is further studied. By constructing appropriate Lyapunov-like functions, we provide easily verifiable criteria for the boundedness and global exponential attractivity of periodic neural networks. These theoretical analysis can narrow(More)