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BACKGROUND Current research on the progression of diabetic nephropathy (DN) suggests many important factors; metabolic disturbance, haemodynamic abnormity, chronic inflammation, oxidative stress, innate immune system activation and podocyte lesion. Triptolide, which is active diterpene purified from the traditional Chinese medicine Tripterygium wilfordii(More)
APOBEC3G (A3G) is an intrinsic antiviral factor that inhibits the replication of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) by deaminating cytidine residues to uridine. This causes guanosine-to-adenosine hypermutation in the opposite strand and results in inactivation of the virus. HIV counteracts A3G through the activity of viral infectivity factor (Vif), which(More)
The NOD-like receptor family, pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome plays pivotal roles in inflammation and autoimmunity. The NLRP3 inflammasome is activated in response to various signals, including pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and danger-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs). However, its role in inflammation remains unclear. In(More)
We report evidence of a detailed epigenetic modification of the leptin promoter and the effects of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs), which is closely associated with the leptin gene transcription in obesity. In the adipose tissue of diet induced obese (DIO) mice, methylation of the CpG island and the binding of methyl-CpG-binding domain protein 2(More)
The latency-related (LR) RNA encoded by bovine herpesvirus 1 is abundantly expressed in the trigeminal ganglia of latently infected calves. Expression of LR proteins is necessary for reactivation from latency and the protection of infected neurons from apoptosis. In this study, we demonstrated that an LR-encoded protein, open reading frame 2 (ORF-2), or(More)
BMP-6, which belongs to the TGF-β superfamily, is a multifunctional molecule with distinct abilities in embryogenesis and organogenesis. Our recent research has implied that BMP-6 may suppress breast cancer metastasis. In the present study, we extended to elucidate the molecular mechanism by which BMP-6 exerts its anti-tumorigenic effect. The Boyden chamber(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Obesity-related glomerulopathy (ORG) is an increasing cause of end-stage renal disease, but evidence concerning the effects of treatments is rather limited. This study was aimed at exploring the renoprotective effects of weight loss on patients with ORG. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS A total of 63 patients with(More)
OBJECTIVES Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a heterogenic and systemic autoimmune disease characterized by synovitis and joint structural damage. However, the pathogenesis of RA is still obscure. It has been reported microRNA-20a (miRNA-20a) was significantly associated with the regulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines release in RA FLS. The purpose of this(More)
This work aimed to improve the oral bioavailability and plasma lipid-lowering effect of probucol (PB) by constructing a combined drug delivery system (CDDS) composed of nanostructured lipid carrier (NLC) and PEGylated poly(amidoamine) dendrimer (PEG-PAMAM). PEG-PAMAM with dendrimer generations of 5 (G5-PEG) or 7 (G7-PEG) were incorporated in PB-NLCs to form(More)
miR-142 and miR-223 have been identified as hematopoietic specific microRNAs. miR-223 has crucial functions in myeloid lineage development. However, the function of miR-142 remains unclear. In this study, we found that both miR-142 and miR-223 attenuated the proliferation of hematopoietic cells, and that miR-223 up-regulated miR-142 expression through the(More)