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For the energy management problems for demand response in electricity grid, a Metropolis Criterion based fuzzy Q-learning consumer energy management controller (CEMC) is proposed. Because of the uncertainties and highly time-varying, it is not easy to accurately obtain the complete information for the consumer behavior in electricity grid. In this case, the(More)
We present the design specifications and in-depth analysis of a terahertz (THz) broadband cross-polarization converter composed of a single-layer metasurface. This device can convert linearly polarized light into its cross-polarization in transmission mode. Different from other polarization conversion devices, this effect results from the suppression and(More)
The arbitrary control of the polarization states of light has attracted the interest of the scientific community because of the wide range of modern optical applications that such control can afford. However, conventional polarization control setups are bulky and very often operate only within a narrow wavelength range, thereby resisting optical system(More)
A novel method is proposed to generate vector beams with arbitrary spatial variation of phase and linear polarization at the nanoscale using compact plasmonic metasurfaces with rectangular nanoapertures. The physical mechanism underlying the simultaneous control of light polarization and phase is explained. Vector beams with different spiral phasefronts are(More)
We present a method of fully interferometric, controllable anomalous refraction efficiency by introducing cross-modulated incident light based on plasmonic metasurfaces. Theoretical analyses and numerical simulations indicate that the anomalous and ordinary refracted beams generated from two opposite-helicity incident beams and following the generalized(More)
We study traffic dynamics and propose a new routing strategy based on the local topological information in scale-free network. According to the new routing strategy with a single tunable parameter, a packet is delivered to next node with probabilities that depend not only on the degrees of the next node but also the estimated waiting time at the new node.(More)
Optical metasurfaces consisting of single-layer nanostructures have immensely promising applications in wavefront control because they can be used to arbitrarily manipulate wave phase, and polarization. However, anomalous refraction and reflection waves have not yet been simultaneously and asymmetrically generated, and the limited efficiency and bandwidth(More)
The asymmetric transmission effect has attracted great interest due to its wide modern optical applications. In this Letter, we present the underlying theory, the design specifications, and the simulated demonstration of tunable dual-band asymmetric transmission for circularly polarized waves with a graphene planar chiral metasurface. The spectral position(More)
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