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Autophagy is an intracellular lysosome-dependent catabolic process that is indispensable for maintaining cellular homeostasis through the turnover and elimination of defective or redundant proteins and damaged or aged organelles. Recent studies suggest that autophagy may be closely associated with tumorigenesis and the response of tumor cells to(More)
The roles of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitochondrial damage in the cadmium (Cd)-induced injury of liver cells were studied by using N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) and acetyl-L-carnitine hydrochloride (ALCAR). After exposure of experimental rats to cadmium (Cd) for 16 h, mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), ROS production, glutathione peroxidase(More)
Matrine has a wide range of pharmacological effects including antitumor activity in vitro and in vivo. Autophagy is closely associated with tumors and plays an important role in human tumor suppression, so inducing autophagy is a potential therapeutic strategy in adjuvant chemotherapy. The aim of this study was to investigate whether or not autophagy is(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common internal malignant tumors. Glypican-3 (GPC3) is involved in the biological and molecular events in the tumorigenesis of HCC. We used RNA interference to evaluate the molecular effects of GPC3 suppression at the translational level and demonstrated for the first time that GPC3 silencing results in a(More)
Matrine has potent antitumor activity against a broad variety of cancer cells and our previous study showed that both autophagy and apoptosis were activated during matrine-induced gastric cancer cell death. The aim of the present study was to determine the significance of autophagy in antineoplastic effects of matrine and the molecular mechanism by which(More)
Background and Objective: Poly(adenosine diphosphate [ADP]-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP1), a protein involved in the DNA repair mechanism, plays an important role in carcinogenesis. In this study, we investigated whether single nucleotide polymorphisms of PARP1 contribute to gastric cancer (GC) and its precursor lesions (gastric precancerous lesions; GPL) in(More)
To investigate the relationship of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) polymorphisms [COX-2 −765 G/C (rs 20417)] and susceptibility to hepatitis B-related liver cancer in Han Chinese population. The polymorphisms of COX-2 −765 G/C was detected by polymerase chain reaction based restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) in 300 patients with hepatitis B, 300(More)
PI3K/AKT constitutes an important pathway regulating the signaling of multiple biological processes and plays a critical role in carcinogenesis. PIK3CA gene missense mutations have been reported in many human cancer types. The mutation of it in hepatocellular carcinoma cases varies with different races and regions. In this study, we investigated PIK3CA(More)
The root-knot nematode Meloidogyne graminicola is a major constraint in rice production in the world. Using rDNA-ITS sequences data alignments, the genetic variation among twenty-one populations of M. graminicola (sixteen from Myanmar and five from China) was investigated. The results showed that all the populations were clearly separated from other species(More)
Background and Objective: Cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2, also known as prostaglandin synthase 2) influences carcinogenesis through regulation of angiogenesis, apoptosis, and cytokine expression. COX-2 is encoded by the gene PTGS2. Several studies have suggested that PTGS2 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are involved in gastrointestinal carcinogenesis. In(More)