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We report the discovery and optimization of a potent inhibitor against the papain-like protease (PLpro) from the coronavirus that causes severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-CoV). This unique protease is not only responsible for processing the viral polyprotein into its functional units but is also capable of cleaving ubiquitin and ISG15 conjugates and(More)
Structure-based design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of a series of peptidomimetic severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus chymotrypsin-like protease inhibitors are described. These inhibitors were designed and synthesized based upon our X-ray crystal structure of inhibitor 1 bound to SARS-CoV 3CLpro. Incorporation of Boc-Ser as the(More)
We used cysteine-scanning and spin-labeling methods to prepare singly spin labeled recombinant peptides for electron paramagnetic resonance studies of the partial domain regions at the tetramerization site (N-terminal end of alpha and C-terminal end of beta) of erythroid spectrin. The values of the inverse line width parameter (deltaH0(-1)) from a family of(More)
Design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of peptidomimetic severe acute respiratory syndrome chymotrypsin-like protease (SARS-3CLpro) inhibitors for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) are described. These inhibitors exhibited antiviral activity against SARS-CoV in infected cells in the micromolar range. An X-ray crystal structure(More)
p-amidinophenylmethylphosphinic acid (AMPA) was designed, synthesized and crystallized in complex with trypsin to study interactions with the oxyanion hole at the S1 site. In comparison to benzamidine, AMPA shows improved activity, which the crystal structure demonstrates to result from hydrogen bonds between the negatively charged phosphinic acid group and(More)
In this paper, a new graph grammar representation is proposed to reason about the manufacturability of solid models. The knowledge captured in the graph grammar rules serves as a virtual machinist in its ability to recognize arbitrary geometries and match them to various machine operations. Firstly, a given part is decomposed into multiple sub-volumes,(More)
Glutamate racemase (RacE) is a bacterial enzyme that converts l-glutamate to d-glutamate, an essential precursor for peptidoglycan synthesis. In prior work, we have shown that both isoforms cocrystallize with d-glutamate as dimers, and the enzyme is in a closed conformation with limited access to the active site [May, M., et al. (2007) J. Mol. Biol. 371,(More)
Two conformationally constrained templates have been designed to provide selective inhibitors of the coagulation cascade serine protease, Factor Xa (FXa). The most active inhibitor, 2,7-bis[(Z)-p-amidinobenzylidene)]-3,3,6,6-tetramethylcycloheptanone, exhibits a K(i) of 42 nM against FXa, with strong selectivity against thrombin (1000-fold), trypsin(More)
We have designed, synthesized, and evaluated the factor Xa inhibitory activities of p-amidinophenyl-sulfones, amines, and alcohols intended to take advantage of the polarity and hydrogen-bonding potential of the oxyanion hole region of the S1 specificity pocket. We demonstrate that placement of an anionic group within the oxyanion hole region of the(More)