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The major light-harvesting complex of photosystem II (LHC-II) serves as the principal solar energy collector in the photosynthesis of green plants and presumably also functions in photoprotection under high-light conditions. Here we report the first X-ray structure of LHC-II in icosahedral proteoliposome assembly at atomic detail. One asymmetric unit of a(More)
In order to maximize their use of light energy in photosynthesis, plants have molecules that act as light-harvesting antennae, which collect light quanta and deliver them to the reaction centres, where energy conversion into a chemical form takes place. The functioning of the antenna responds to the extreme changes in the intensity of sunlight encountered(More)
During photosynthesis, the plant photosystem II core complex receives excitation energy from the peripheral light-harvesting complex II (LHCII). The pathways along which excitation energy is transferred between them, and their assembly mechanisms, remain to be deciphered through high-resolution structural studies. Here we report the structure of a(More)
Sulfur oxygenase reductase (SOR) simultaneously catalyzes oxidation and reduction of elemental sulfur to produce sulfite, thiosulfate, and sulfide in the presence of molecular oxygen. In this study, crystal structures of wild type and mutants of SOR from Acidianus tengchongensis (SOR-AT) in two different crystal forms were determined and it was observed(More)
The three-dimensional structure of a thermostable beta-glycosidase (Gly(Tn)) from the thermophilic eubacterium Thermus nonproteolyticus HG102 was determined at a resolution of 2.4 A. The core of the structure adopts the (betaalpha)(8) barrel fold. The sequence alignments and the positions of the two Glu residues in the active center indicate that Gly(Tn)(More)
BWI-1 (buckwheat trypsin inhibitor), a member of the potato inhibitor I family, suppresses the growth of T-acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells and induces apoptosis in human solid tumor cell lines. Here, we report the crystal structure of rBTI (recombinant buckwheat trypsin inhibitor), a recombinant protein of BWI-1, at 1.84 Å resolution and the structure of(More)
Earthworm fibrinolytic enzyme component A (EFEa) from Eisenia fetida is a strong fibrinolytic enzyme that not only directly degrades fibrin, but also activates plasminogen. Proteolytic assays further revealed that it cleaved behind various P1 residue types. The crystal structure of EFEa was determined using the MIR method and refined to 2.3A resolution. The(More)
The fatty alk(a/e)ne biosynthesis pathway found in cyanobacteria gained tremendous attention in recent years as a promising alternative approach for biofuel production. Cyanobacterial aldehyde-deformylating oxygenase (cADO), which catalyzes the conversion of Cn fatty aldehyde to its corresponding Cn-1 alk(a/e)ne, is a key enzyme in that pathway. Due to its(More)
Destripeptide (B28^B30) insulin (DTRI) is an insulin analogue that has much weaker association ability than native insulin but keeps most of its biological activity. It can be crystallized from a solution containing zinc ions at near-neutral pH. Its crystal structure has been determined by molecular replacement and refined at 1.9 A î resolution. DTRI in the(More)
The methylation modifications of histone 3 lysine 4 (H3K4) have essential effects on biological processes including gene expression and transcription, cell cycle progression, and DNA repair. From yeast to mammals, the SET1 and MLL-like (mixed-lineage leukemia) multi-subunit protein complexes, known as SET1 or MLL COMPASS (Schneider et al., 2005), are(More)