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Microglia, as phagocytes and antigen-presenting cells in the central nervous system, are activated in such disease processes as stroke and multiple sclerosis. Because peripheral macrophages are capable of producing endocannabinoids, we have examined endocannabinoid production in a macrophage-colony stimulating factor (M-CSF)-dependent rat microglial cell(More)
Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) are important regulators of vascular tone and homeostasis. Whether they initiate signaling through membrane receptors is unclear. We developed 20-iodo-14,15-epoxyeicosa-8(Z)-enoic acid (20-I-14,15-EE8ZE), a radiolabeled EET agonist, to characterize EET binding to membranes of U937 cells. 20-I-14,15-EE8ZE stimulated cAMP(More)
Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) are cytochrome P450 epoxygenase metabolites of arachidonic acid. EETs mediate numerous biological functions. In coronary arteries, they regulate vascular tone by the activation of smooth muscle large-conductance, calcium-activated potassium (BK(Ca)) channels to cause hyperpolarization and relaxation. We developed a series of(More)
Continuing investigations of the roles of cytochrome P450 (CYP) arachidonic acid epoxygenase metabolites in the regulation of cardiovascular physiology and pathophysiology have revealed their complex and diverse biological effects. Often these metabolites demonstrate protective properties that are revealed during cardiovascular disease. In this regard, the(More)
5,6-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (5,6-EET) is a cytochrome P450 epoxygenase metabolite of arachidonic acid that causes vasorelaxation. However, investigations of its role in biological systems have been limited by its chemical instability. We developed a stable agonist of 5,6-EET, 5-(pentadeca-3(Z),6(Z),9(Z)-trienyloxy)pentanoic acid (PTPA), in which the(More)
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