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The segmentation of infant brain tissue images into white matter (WM), gray matter (GM), and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) plays an important role in studying early brain development in health and disease. In the isointense stage (approximately 6-8 months of age), WM and GM exhibit similar levels of intensity in both T1 and T2 MR images, making the tissue(More)
Secreted frizzled-related proteins (SFRPs) are antagonists of the Wnt signaling pathway whose epigenetic downregulation have been shown to be involved in hepatocarcinogenesis. However, dysregulation of SFRPs induced by hepatitis B virus (HBV) X protein (HBx) has never been studied in HBV-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HBV-HCC). In this study, we sought(More)
RNase E functions as the rate-limiting enzyme in the global mRNA metabolism as well as in the maturation of functional RNAs. The endoribonuclease, binding to the PNPase trimer, the RhlB monomer, and the enolase dimer, assembles into an RNA degradosome necessary for effective RNA metabolism. The RNase E processing is found to be negatively regulated by the(More)
Allicin is an active compound derived from garlic that has been shown to have antitumor properties in vitro. The current study was designed to explore the effects and the underlying mechanism of allicin on gastric cancer cells. The MTT assay was used to detect cell viability. Transmission electron microscopy, Rh123 and propidium iodide staining, annexin(More)
Sinomenine (SIN) is an herbal ingredient isolated from Sinomenium acutum Rehd. et Wils. We evaluated the effects of SIN on the growth and apoptosis of human lung cancer NCI-H460 cells. SIN inhibited the proliferation of the cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Apoptosis was confirmed by flow cytometry, the TUNEL assay and transmission electron(More)
BACKGROUND Heterosis is a phenomenon that first-generation offspring perform better than their parents. Conventional breeding methods have their shortcomings. It would be optimal to construct inducible male sterile plants. RESULTS We developed a novel system for creating male sterile transgenic plants by downregulating the specific expression of the(More)
The ornithine decarboxylase antizyme inhibitor (AZI) was discovered as a protein that binds to the regulatory protein antizyme and inhibits the ability of antizyme to interact with the enzyme ornithine decarboxylase (ODC). Several studies showed that the AZI protein is important for cell growth in vitro. However, the function of this gene in vivo remained(More)
Combining multi-modality brain data for disease diagnosis commonly leads to improved performance. A challenge in using multimodality data is that the data are commonly incomplete; namely, some modality might be missing for some subjects. In this work, we proposed a deep learning based framework for estimating multi-modality imaging data. Our method takes(More)
Pathogenic bacteria produce a wide variety of virulence factors that are considered to be potential antibiotic targets. In this study, we report the crystal structure of a novel S. pneumoniae virulence factor, GHIP, which is a streptococcus-specific glycosyl hydrolase. This novel structure exhibits an α/β-barrel fold that slightly differs from other(More)