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Hydroxy fatty acids are critical lipid mediators involved in various pathophysiologic functions. We cloned and identified GPR31, a plasma membrane orphan G protein-coupled receptor that displays high affinity for the human 12-lipoxygenase-derived product 12-(S)-hydroxy-5,8,10,14-eicosatetraenoic acid (HETE). Thus, GPR31 is named 12-(S)-HETE receptor(More)
Since the isolation of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) in 1956, its significance as an important human pathogen in infants, the elderly and the immunocompromised has been established. Many important mechanisms contributing to RSV infection, replication and disease pathogenesis have been uncovered; however, there is still insufficient knowledge in these(More)
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) regulates a wide array of biological functions in endothelial cells. We previously showed that S1P receptor subtype 2 (S1P2) is significantly up-regulated in the atherosclerotic endothelium (J. Biol. Chem. 283:30363, 2008). In this study, we investigated the roles of S1P2-mediated signaling in the proinflammatory responses of(More)
Physiological roles of microsomal (iPLA(2)gamma) and cytosolic (iPLA(2)beta)Ca(2+)-independent phospholipase A(2) were determined in two different epithelial cell models. R- and S-enantiomers of the iPLA(2) inhibitor bromoenol lactone (BEL) were isolated and shown to selectively inhibit iPLA(2gamma) and iPLA(2beta), respectively. The effect of these(More)
BACKGROUND Although laparoscopic surgery has been available for a long time and laparoscopic cholecystectomy has been performed universally, it is still not clear whether open appendectomy (OA) or laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) is the most appropriate surgical approach to acute appendicitis. The purpose of this work is to compare the therapeutic effects and(More)
BACKGROUND Trichophyton rubrum is the most common dermatophyte causing fungal skin infections in humans. Asexual sporulation is an important means of propagation for T. rubrum, and conidia produced by this way are thought to be the primary cause of human infections. Despite their importance in pathogenesis, the conidia of T. rubrum remain understudied. We(More)
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection causes substantial morbidity and some deaths in the young and elderly worldwide. There is no safe and effective vaccine available, although it is possible to reduce the hospitalization rate for high-risk children by anti-RSV antibody prophylaxis. RSV has been shown to modify the immune response to infection, a(More)
Our laboratory demonstrated that endoplasmic reticulum iPLA2 (ER-iPLA2) activity protects renal cells from oxidant-induced cell death and lipid peroxidation. The goals of this study were to determine the PLA2 isoform(s) responsible for ER-iPLA2 activity in different species and tissues. ER-iPLA2 activity was observed in microsomes from rabbit and rat(More)
BACKGROUND Conidia are considered to be the primary cause of infections by Trichophyton rubrum. RESULTS We have developed a cDNA microarray containing 10250 ESTs to monitor the transcriptional strategy of conidial germination. A total of 1561 genes that had their expression levels specially altered in the process were obtained and hierarchically clustered(More)
Astragaloside IV (AS-IV), the major active component extracted from Astragalus membranaceus, has been demonstrated to exhibit protective effects on the cardio-vascular, immune, digestive and nervous systems; thus, has been widely used in traditional Chinese medicine. Abnormal proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) is closely(More)